Open Science

This is the ongoing transition in how research is performed and how knowledge is shared. News, events, publications related to Open Science

The report of the National Points of Reference (NPR report) has been published

The report, published in June 2018, consolidates and presents the information reported by Member States in 2017 regarding their progress in implementing the 2012 Recommendation on open access to and preservation of scientific information for the period 2014-2016. The report shows that Member States are consistently working on open access to and preservation of scientific information, albeit with varying levels of intensity. Overall, quantitative and qualitative input provided by Member States suggests that open access and open science are consistently included in national research agendas in the EU.

The EOSC Summit 2018 – highlights of the event

Photo Jean-David Malo, Thomas Skordas, Kurt Vandenberghe, Karina Angelieva, Jean-Eric Paquet, Roberto Viola, Michał Boni at the EOSC Summit

At the EOSC Summit – From Vision to Implementation, many prominent players and related constituencies were represented and engaged in a fervent debate around the future of EOSC. The EOSC Summit 2018 brought together 180 key players for the implementation of the EOSC, representing all categories and scientific fields. Fifteen research funders and about thirty officials attended from ministries of Member States and Associate Countries. What is more, the Summit reached much further than Brussels; about 500 people watched the web stream of the event, 109 simultaneously at one point, from all over the globe.

The Summit aimed at taking stock on progress and achievements towards the EOSC, a year on since the 2017 Summit, while allowing participants to share information on relevant activities and commitments and to reflect on the next steps of the implementation. With a view to providing input for the future EOSC governance and set up, a stakeholder consultation on the draft ‘Rules of Participation of EOSC' and on the draft 'FAIR Data Action Plan' was launched.

Towards Open Science in Agriculture and Food

Plovdiv, Bulgaria, 13 June 2018
Side-event in the Bulgarian Presidency of the Council of the EU Flagship Conference 2nd FOOD 2030 High Level Event

FOOD 2030 sets out an ambitious vision for the future food system, in which challenges as resilience, circularity, nutrition, health, climate of the food system are considered in a holistic perspective, avoiding decoupling and fragmentation.

This workshop – organised by eROSA with the cooperation of JPI FACCE, the ICT-AGRI ERANET and the Food Nutrition Health RI - discusses the implications of Food 2030 and the European Open Science Cloud for science in agriculture and food.

The Recommendation on access to and preservation to scientific information has been revised and is now available in all EU languages

The 2012 Recommendation on access to and preservation of scientific information (2012/417/EU) was part of a package that outlined measures to improve access to scientific information produced in Europe and to bring them in line with the Commission's own policy for Horizon 2020. Although still considered a very valuable and impactful tool for policymaking, the Recommendation has been revised in the context of the recast of the Public Sector Information Directive (PSI) to reflect developments in practices and policies in open science and in view of the preparation of the next Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (Horizon Europe).

The new Recommendation C(2018)2375, adopted on April 25th 2018, now explicitly reflects developments in areas such as research data management (including the concept of FAIR data i.e. data that is Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Re-usable), Text and Data Mining (TDM) and technical standards that enable re-use incentive schemes. It reflects ongoing developments at the EU level of the European Open Science Cloud, and it more accurately takes into account the increased capacity of data analytics of today and its role in research. It also clearly identifies as two separate points the issue of reward systems for researchers to share data and commit to other open science practices on the one hand, and skills and competences of researchers and staff from research institutions on the other hand.

Overview of the EOSC Strategic Implementation Roadmap

Two presentations provide an overview of the Implementation Roadmap for the European Science Cloud, adopted on 14 March 2018 (Staff Working Document SWD(2018) 83) . Their aim is to introduce and illustrate the roadmap as well as update the information in this document with the latest developments.

Statement "Open Data in Science in Europe" by the European Members of the International Council for Science (ICSU)

The European Members of the International Council for Science (ICSU) have published a statement on "Open Data in Science in Europe", which makes recommendations related to the FAIR Principles, data repositories, data skills, incentives and reward systems, Research Data Management and research culture.

The statement is based on the workshop "Open Data in Science: Challenges and Opportunities for Europe” that the European ICSU Members organised in partnership with the All European Academies (ALLEA) in Brussels in January 2018, and follows consultation among the 80 meeting participants from across Europe and representing science academies, research performers, funding bodies, international science organisations and government agencies.

Implementation Roadmap for the European Open Science Cloud

The Commission adopted on 14 March 2018 the Implementation Roadmap for the European Science Cloud  PDF icon 987 KB (SWD(2018)83).

Overall, the document presents the results and available evidence from an extensive and conclusive consultation process that started with the publication of the Communication: European Cloud initiative (COM(2016)178) in April 2016.

The consultation upheld the intervention logic presented in the Communication, to create a fit for purpose pan-European federation of research data infrastructures, with a view to moving from the current fragmentation to a situation where data is easy to store, find, share and re-use.

On the basis of the consultation, the implementation Roadmap gives and overview of six actions lines for the implementation of the EOSC:

a) architecture, b) data, c) services, d) access & interfaces, e) rules and f) governance.

Specifically regarding the latter, the Roadmap presents a governance framework and a governance structure that emerged from the consultation, as a basis for further discussion with Member States. This was foreseen explicitly by the Communication.

The document describes the measures taken under Horizon 2020 Work Programmes to start implementing the EOSC. The financing of the EOSC is secured until 2020 through the Horizon 2020 Work Programme (including €300 million to support the development of the EOSC federating core and open FAIR data pilot), and based on the additional commitments of stakeholders responding to the EOSC Summit Declaration.

The document also specifies the link to the European Data Infrastructure, underpinning high-capacity cloud solutions with super-computing capacity, as well as widening the EOSC by gradually opening up its user base to the public sector and industry.

Today, the document is presented and discussed with the Research Working Party of the Council, with a view of finalising the governance framework for the initiative in the earnest.

Overall, the document will serve as a basis for further consultation with Member States, the European Parliament and other relevant stakeholders on the next steps to take. The EOSC has emerged as a clear policy priority for European research and innovation. It has been strongly supported by the European scientific community in the EOSC Summit and Declaration, by the Council in Council Conclusions (May 2016) and by a European Parliament Resolution (January 2017). It also received favourable opinions from the Economic and Social Committee (September 2016) and from the Committee of the Regions (October 2016).

Final report of the working group on ‘Skills’ is available

The report called "Providing researchers with the skills and competencies they need to practice Open Science" is rooted in the policy for researcher career development and (like the Rewards report) closely linked with ERA Priority 3, an Open Labour Market for Researchers.

In the report the working group defined Open Science skills needs for researchers in order for skilled talent to be able to publish under Open Access, to manage (open)data, to conduct professional research and engage with citizen science. From the results of an Open Science survey conducted among Researchers at all career stages, an overview of the current Open Science skills provision landscape is given.

On top, a European Skills and Qualifications Matrix for Open Science is proposed, highlighting the importance of introducing and integrating (accredited) skills training for researchers at all career stages.

The importance of embedding Open Science in ERA policy is treated and the specific cases of the Innovative Doctoral Training Principles and the European Framework for Research Careers are presented.

The report will be discussed at the Open Science Policy Platform meeting on 13 October 2017.

Final report of the working group on ‘Rewards’ is available

The approach of the working group is firmly rooted in the context of researcher career development and closely linked with ERA Priority 3, an Open Labour Market for Researchers. The report provides information on OS in relation to ERA policy, researcher assessment and career framework, describing different aspects of OS, including Open data, Open Peer Review and Citizen science. The limitations of the current recognition and reward process are presented, with suggestions on how to alleviate these and how new paradigms can be envisioned and implemented.

An illustration of taking a comprehensive approach to researcher assessment using the Open Science Career Assessment Matrix (OS-CAM) that recognises OS is developed. There is a brief analysis of the ERA partnership policies and how OS can be promoted through the Human Resources Strategy for Researchers (HRS4R).

The report will be discussed at the Open Science Policy Platform meeting on 13 October 2017.