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  Environment  
 
 
  image image 24/02/03
  image Tropical forests: measuring the damage RTD info 36
    How can the undeniable damage being done to the 'Earth's lungs' be assessed? On the basis of a careful analysis of satellite data, researchers at the JRC in Ispra offer the first reliable diagnosis.  
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  Earth in the balance 07/11/02

Sustainable development is crucial to humanity's future. This is why it is a vital dimension of the work of scientists and researchers in all fields.

RTD info 35
  Time to decide 07/11/02

Energy and transport – the two most strategic elements of sustainable development – are a priority sector within the Union's scientific policy, together with (strategic) research on global change.

RTD info 35
  The lilliputians of the plankton world 07/11/02

In the ocean depths, miniscule micro-organisms play a vital role in the world's major ecosystems.

RTD info 35
  Revealing the hidden costs of energy 07/11/02

'Externalities' count the cost of the 'collateral' requirements, particularly in the field of health and the environment, which must be taken into account when calculating the price per kWh.

RTD info 35
  Johannesburg, capital of the Earth 03/04/2002

A new world summit will be held in Johannesburg (South Africa) at the end of the summer. Some 60 000 delegates, representing governments, NGOs, companies, associations and young people from all over the world are expected to attend.

 RTD info 34
  Sharing knowledge 03/04/2002

A conversation with Christian Patermann, director of the European research programme in the field of the environment and sustainable development.

 RTD info 34
  Science and the environment: A gradual awakening 03/04/2002

Interest in the 'Earth Sciences' began in the century of the Enlightenment but the complexity of the earth's ecosystem was recently discovered. Flashback on the development of the knowledge sector.

 RTD info 34
  RIO + 10: what's new? 03/04/2002

Apart from ever more advanced knowledge and technologies, sustainable development needs new principles of governance based on balance and equity.

 RTD info 34
  European excellence 03/04/2002

As a major force in the defence of the environment, Europe certainly owes its pugnacity to the dynamism of its research.

 RTD info 34
A floating phenomenon 03/04/2002

An icebreaker weighing 11 820 tonnes and a multi-purpose vessel for geophysicists, oceanographers, climatologists and biologists - that's the Polarstern, the star of European polar research. RTD info reports on the latest feats of this tool of excellence and its scientific fitter, the Stiftung Alfred-Wegener-Institut für Polar- und Meeresforschung (AWI) of Bremerhaven.

  RTD info 33
The return of the phenologists 26/11/2001
In the 17th century people engaged in phenology, perhaps without knowing it, by studying the opening of buds and the gathering of migratory birds. Today, after several centuries of neglect, climatologists and meteorologists are turning to the subject with renewed interest, while data processing and satellite observation are giving it a new lease of life. RTD info 32
Micro-organisms and macro-results 26/11/2001
Could the subsoil of high mountain areas 'melt'? Yes, and the result may be an increased risk of landslides with extremely damaging consequences. The culprit? Climate warming. The EU's PACE project is now hard at work developing the analytical tools to avoid the potential dangers stemming from this melting of the permafrost. RTD info 32
The star of the deep sea abyss 26/11/2001
Four thousand metres under the sea, in the eastern Mediterranean, the ultra-sophisticated Geostar laboratory is discovering micro-organisms 6 million years old and trying to forecast what surprises Mount Etna may have in store. RTD info 32
The permafrost is melting 02/10/2001 

Could the subsoil of high mountain areas 'melt'? Yes, and the result may be an increased risk of landslides with extremely damaging consequences. The culprit? Climate warming. The EU's PACE project is now hard at work developing the analytical tools to avoid the potential dangers stemming from this melting of the permafrost.

  RTD info 31
The Earth in its sight 11/07/2001 

Launched in 1998 by the European Commission and a group of space agencies, the GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security) initiative aims to provide Europe with independent and permanent access to the information flows generated in space. Such information is crucial for monitoring the environment, preventing and managing natural and industrial disasters, complying with greenhouse gas reduction commitments, anticipating conflicts and handling crises.

  RTD info 30
Research to quench the flames 11/07/2001 

Every year forest fires destroy hundreds of thousands of hectares in Europe, mainly in the Mediterranean Basin. Using satellite pictures, digital cameras, computer modelling and other high-tech devices, scientists are now exploring new ways of combating this scourge.
 

  RTD info 30
Carbon sinks to combat the greenhouse effect? 11-04-00 

Can forests reduce the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, the principal
cause of climate warming? This sensitive question was one of the reasons for the failure of the conference in The Hague in November 2000 which sought concrete international commitments implementing the 1997 Kyoto protocol. Such commitments are the subject of intense scientific debate, which the vast CarboEurope research network is seeking to help resolve.

 

  RTD info 29
The hidden heritage of natural history collections 11-04-00 

Aviation has two Achilles heels: noise and air pollution. Despite the enormous progress in reducing these major nuisances, the prospect of sustained growth in global air transport presents aeronautics research with a major environmental challenge.
 

  RTD info 29 
Aviation and the environment 30-12-00 

Aviation has two Achilles heels: noise and air pollution. Despite the enormous progress in reducing these major nuisances, the prospect of sustained growth in global air transport presents aeronautics research with a major environmental challenge.
 

RTD info 28
Prolific - and deadly - algae 30-12-00 

The sea is wreaking revenge for man's negligence. From north to south, Europe's coastal waters are periodically invaded by toxin-producing micro-algae which pose a threat to human health. What is going wrong? Researchers on the Nutox project and Eurohab initiative are gradually coming to understand the physico-chemical and biological mechanisms which are producing this worrying phenomenon.
 

RTD info 28
The message from the mountain lakes 30-12-00 

The symbols of unspoilt nature seemingly beyond the reach of modern ills, remote mountain regions are in fact hypersensitive ecosystems, both victims and excellent indicators of environmental and climatic changes caused by man. Over recent years, multidisciplinary teams of European researchers with the AL:PE and MOLAR projects have been studying these remote expanses of azure skies and lakes.
 

RTD info 28
Citizens face the prospect of climate change 13-10-00 

Would we be prepared to change our habits to counter the risks of climate change? Ulysses, a European project involving experts from the social and natural sciences, has been experimenting with a new kind of methodology for urban democratic participation.
 

RTD info 27
Climate: Prevent, adapt or suffer? 13-10-00 

The risks of climate change are serious. What could they mean for Europe? And how should we respond? By analysing the scenarios and likely socio-economic consequences in relation to specific geographic characteristics, experts from Acacia are bringing policy-makers, industrialists and social players face-to-face with realities that can no longer be ignored - and the changes they will require.
 

RTD info 27
Keeping fisheries and marine species afloat 13-10-00 

African, South American and Caribbean experts are working together on an extensive European endeavour to promote the Ecopath model: a key tool for understanding the interactions between species and the responsible management of marine ecosystems.
 

RTD info 27
New composite sets sail 13-10-00 

The thousands of small boatbuilders that flourish along the coasts and waterways of Europe will benefit from a clean, high-performance technology for moulding composite materials. An innovation which is sure to spread to many other sectors.
 

RTD info 27
The big buildings set the example 13-10-00 

Fifty six million apartments, built after the Second World War, must be incorporated into new urban development strategies. Which is why energy- and water-saving measures, improved quality of life for residents, the management of household waste, and materials recycling are all being studied now by the building managers and researchers of the Sureuro project.
 

RTD info 27
The subtle equations of urban mobility 13-10-00 

The sustainable development of urban transport is dependent on many variables, in terms of infrastructure, pricing policies and the allotment of land. That is why integrated planning tools are now being tested at a number of sites in northern and southern Europe, with a view to optimal mobility in the city of tomorrow.
 

RTD info 27
The sustainable keys of the city 13-10-00 

Today's cities are grappling with multiple and complex problems as they seek to ensure a sustainable development as the sole guarantee of quality of life for their inhabitants. 'The City of tomorrow and cultural heritage', a key action under the Fifth Framework Programme, is endeavouring to promote an in-depth and integrated approach to all the technological, socio-economic and environmental challenges facing our metropolitan areas. David Miles, who is responsible for this policy at the European Commission, explains.
 

RTD info 27
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