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Residue treatment

Shredder residue treatment and use

The shredder residues, or 'fluff', that remain once the metal content has been separated out for recycling are mainly plastic materials. The key to eliminating waste is to reduce this residue, which usually ends up in landfills, by a process of sorting, separation and treatment. There is already a successful market application in the cement industry where the residue is collected, treated and burnt as an economical energy source. The project team concluded that, in addition to the cost factor, an eco-efficient view of shredder residue treatment is essential.

The overwhelming value of the European Thematic Network has been in creating sustainable links with industry. It has become a valuable information exchange platform, and has launched a website ( dedicated to maximising the recovery of ELVs.

CRAFT project - recycled polyamide

Polyamide plastics are very heat resistant and are often used in demanding under-the-bonnet applications. However, because of hard-to-meet specifications, they are not suitable for reuse and recycling. The Compare project found a chemical process to treat such plastics which can then be reused (up to 40%) with the raw material to produce new parts. These plastics represent between 15% and 20% of the plastics used in cars. Similar types of waste from other industries or applications, such as carpet scraps, tyres and car parts, can also be used to produce automotive parts.
Success resulted from the complementary expertise of partners throughout the entire chain in the recycling process, from the SMEs working in waste collection, recovery equipment, compounding and production of plastic parts for cars, to research organisations.

E. Larrauri


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Recycling vehicles