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What is Europe doing?

Infectious disease

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Graphic elementThe facts

AIDS and tuberculosis are two of the world's most serious infectious diseases. There are now over 30 million people living with HIV/AIDS. In many European countries the number of new cases of AIDS has declined over the last five years because of widespread use of preventive methods combined with new treatments. However, a vaccine is still out of reach and defeating the virus that causes AIDS is proving to be a difficult task.
TB is often thought of as a 19th century disease, but it is re-emerging as a health problem in Europe and other parts of the developed world. This is partly because the bacterium that causes it has become resistant to many antibiotics and partly because the BCG vaccine, although widely used, protects only half the people who receive it.

Graphic elementAction

European researchers are combining several approaches to develop an effective AIDS vaccine and to produce better drugs to treat people at various stages of the disease. A number of projects are being funded by the EU to find out more about the disease by following up thousands of HIV-infected people in 16 different European countries; others are concentrating on the biology of the virus itself.
Europe-wide prevention strategies are being exploited to the full and central facilities to help AIDS researchers develop and test new potential vaccines are already up and running. A European network for the treatment of AIDS is coordinating large clinical trials to assess the usefulness of compounds not currently being tested by researchers in individual countries.








Infectious disease

European Vaccine against AIDS

The EVA (European Vaccine against AIDS) programme supplies reagents for the development of AIDS vaccines of different types for use in clinical trials and studies all over Europe.

Infectious disease

... and tuberculosis
TB is on the increase again. It is a common infection in people who have AIDS. Three European projects are exploring new ways of making vaccines against Mycobacterium tuberculosis which causes TB.

 
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