Important legal notice
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The energy challenge

Carbon footprint for various forms of power production

Europe faces a serious challenge to provide sufficient energy from sustainable sources to fulfil society’s increasing demand.

Combating climate change means limiting the use of energy sources that emit large quantities of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide. In addition, Europe must reduce its dependence on imported energy and maintain competitiveness.

Today nuclear power provides around one-third of Europe’s electricity. It is the most significant source of base-load, carbon-free power generation currently available.

Research needs

Nuclear energy already makes a major contribution to limiting Europe’s greenhouse gas emissions and enhances our independence and security of supply. However, it continues to provoke public and political controversy despite high levels of nuclear safety within the European Union.

Relative contributions for various forms of electricity generation

All EU-funded research in the field of applied nuclear science falls under the scope of the Euratom Treaty. Research programmes cover nuclear fission and radiation protection and nuclear fusion.

The European Commission believes Europe needs to develop a range of safe, secure and sustainable energy options covering the technology spectrum from renewables to nuclear. This requires a comprehensive research effort to ensure that all options are available to Member States.
The Euratom fission programme is a significant part of that effort.


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