In 2000, AIDS
killed an estimated 3 million people, including 500 000 children.
Hardest hit is Africa, where HIV kills over 2 million people each
year and where AIDS has created 11.2 million orphans. In parts of
Southern Africa, infant mortality has increased by 25% and life
expectancy has fallen from 64 to 47 years over a period of just
TB kills 2 million people each
year, with 95% of deaths occurring in developing countries, although
the disease is increasing worldwide. In several African countries
incidence has quadrupled over the past decade. New outbreaks have
occurred in Eastern Europe after 40 years of decline. Women are
less likely to be diagnosed and treated.
Malaria kills at least 1 million
people each year and infects
500 million. 90% of cases occur in Africa, and 40% of the world
population is at risk. The disease is re-emerging in places where
it was previously under control or even eradicated. The major impact
is on women (especially when pregnant) and children.
For a poor family, chronic and debilitating illness
can tip the balance from meagre savings to heavy debt. A malaria-stricken
family in the developing world may spend over 25% of its income
on treatment. AIDS, TB, and malaria trap households in a cycle of
poverty and disease.
AIDS and TB mainly hit the economically active population: workers
are unable to do their jobs, agricultural and industrial output
is adversely affected, and children must work instead of attending
school. When more than 8% of adults are infected with AIDS, as is
the case in several countries of sub-Saharan Africa, the per capita
income may be reduced by as much as 0.5% per year.
Impact of HIV/AIDS on urban households,
|1000 CFA Francs = 1,52