time immemorial, and by its very nature, science has
been universal, and there is a tradition amongst
scientists the world over to report on their work and
acquired knowledge through scientific publications.
Knowledge has become an increasingly decisive factor
in the process of socio-economic growth and growing competition
and cooperation. The capacity to generate and utilise
the accessibility of information and the ability to
be creative serve to give a country, or a group of countries,
comparative advantage in terms of economic competitiveness
and promotion of social progress.
Globalisation of the
market and of the economy, which has become increasingly
has made the
dimension of science more important than ever.
the same time, new risks and challenges transcending
frontiers, and even continents, require the scientific
community to provide answers to the questions legitimately
the problems have become increasingly complex and
interdependent, it is quite normal that scientific
should also take place on a wider and interdisciplinary
social and economic change is taking place in all
with which the EU is involved in scientific and
technological cooperation, namely the Mediterranean countries,
Balkans, the developing countries, Russia and the
other New Independent States.
general, the situation in the developing countries
has not improved over the last few years, and more
and more people still have to grapple with the debilitating
problem of poverty and its consequences, such as
malnutrition, sickness, infant mortality, illiteracy,
conflicts, population movements and a rapidly degenerating
environment. Europe has a responsibility vis-à-vis
the future of these countries. S&T cooperation
on equitable terms can help to provide appropriate
solutions to the problems they face and thus contribute
to global stability and security.
knowledge and the use of knowledge are directly linked
to human resources capable of creating and using it.
Research Area should make it possible to consolidate
the intellectual, scientific and cultural community and
reduce the fragmentation of research within the EU which
should be able to share its expertise and know-how with
other countries and other regions for the benefit of sustainable
and equitable development worldwide.
That is why the European Research Area initiative is outward-looking,
i.e. open to the world, and will therefore seek to:
- enable European researchers and industrialists to access
knowledge and technology produced elsewhere in the world;
- harness the S&T resources of the EU and of third
countries to work together in initiatives that provide
a response to significant global problems such as environmental
safety (greenhouse effect, desertification, biodiversity
and natural resources, access to drinking water and sanitation,
seismic risks, etc.), food safety, health and major transmissible
- promote S&T activities, on the basis of an equitable
working partnership with the countries concerned, in the
context of EU external and development cooperation policy;
- make the Area more attractive to the best scientists
so that it becomes their centre of reference.