Success stories of EU-Africa cooperation in science, technology & innovation
"If you want to go quickly, go alone; If you want to go far, go together"
Over the years, EU-Africa cooperation in Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) become one of our main success stories. Our long term Partnership, patiently built, is now maturing and producing concrete results.
The projects presented in this publication offer just a few concrete examples – 24 out of 590- of collaborative research platforms and networks in which African scientists, from the North to the South of the continent, cooperated with Europeans. They also show the added value of cooperation in STI as each one of these 24 projects made its own unique and important contribution to the daily lives of Europeans and Africans.
Advancing EU-Cabo Verde cooperation in Research and Innovation
On the 18th June 2015 Commissioner Carlos Moedas, accompanied by the Advisor Maria da Graca Carvalho and the Director of International Cooperation Cristina Russo met with the Minister of Cabo Verde for Higher Education, Science and Innovation Dr. António Leão de Aguiar Correia e Silva and his delegation.
Together, they exchanged on measures and support to increase EU-CV cooperation through the opportunities available under Horizon 2020 highlighting common areas of interest for mutual benefit. Cabo Verde is an African success story with stable democracy, good governance, respect of human rights and shares European values and cultural tradition. In addition to that, Cabo Verde is the only country within the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States holding a Special Partnership with the EU: a framework of mutual interests with an important political dimension that goes beyond the traditional donor-recipient relationship scheme. In this context, the EU-CV meeting explored ways on how to further progress the Special Partnership with Cabo Verde in the areas of science, research, innovation and education.
A dedicated technical meeting, led by Cristina Russo, took place in the afternoon and identified specific support measures such as trainings, knowledge dissemination and raising awareness initiatives, with the aim to better support, in the next months, universities and research centres capacities in Cabo Verde, in their international cooperation activities.
Kick off meeting of Rinea
Bonn, 28-30 April 2015
The Horizon 2020 funded RINEA project was kicked-off in Bonn on 28-30 April. RINEA will support the EU-Africa High Level Policy Dialogue (HLPD) on science, technology and innovation. The project is also expected to take up some specific activities as put forward in the draft roadmap towards the EU-Africa Research and Innovation Partnership on food and nutrition security and sustainable agriculture. The project will work in close cooperation with other projects of the HLPD such as CAAST-Net Plus, ProIntensAfrica and a potential follow-up to ERAfrica.
EU-Africa High Level Policy Dialogue (HLPD)
Brussels, 27 April 2015
The EU-Africa High Level Policy Dialogue (HLPD) Expert Working Group (EWG) presented its final input to the EU-Africa HLPD Bureau and representatives of DG Research and Innovation, DG Agriculture and Rural Development and DG International Cooperation and Development in Brussels on 27 April. The EWG that was made up of 5 experts from Africa and 5 experts from Europe has been working since April 2014 on a scientific input to a roadmap towards the jointly funded EU-Africa Research and Innovation Partnership. The work included an external consultation exercise. The HLPD Bureau will now develop a final road map in view of the senior officials meeting scheduled in March 2016.
Joint Africa-EU Strategy (JAES)
Brussels, 21-22 April 2015
The Commissions of the African Union (AU) and European Union (EU) met in Brussels on to advance the Partnership embodied by the Joint Africa-EU Strategy (JAES) launched in 2007. Many areas were addressed including research and innovation.
In the margins of this meeting, EU Commissioner Moedas for research, science and innovation met bilaterally with AU Commissioner Ikounga for Human Resources Science and Technology, AU Commissioner Tumusiime for Rural Economy and Agriculture, AU Commissioner Sidiki Kaloko for Social Affairs (including health) and AU Commissioner Abdullahi for Political Affairs. The progress of the EU-Africa High Level Policy Dialogue (HLPD) on science, technology and innovation (STI) in developing a jointly funded EU-Africa Research and Innovation Partnership on food and nutrition security and sustainable agriculture (FNSSA) was welcomed, with an agreement to mobilise adequate resources for implementation, including from member states. Also recognised was the need for better preparedness for infectious diseases through research and surveillance, such as through the Global Research Collaboration for Infectious Disease Preparedness (GloPID), the European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP) and the emerging African Centre for Disease Control (ACDC).
Horizon 2020 Training in Ghana
28-29 May 2015, Accra
CAAST-Net Plus has partnered with the INCONTACT project to offer a two-day Horizon 2020 training workshop to researchers and innovators from west and central Africa.
The event will take place on 28 and 29 May 2015 in Ghana’s capital Accra.
Horizon 2020 is open to eligible participants from outside of the EU, including from Africa, in topical areas of mutual interest.
The overall objective of the workshop is to increase the awareness of Horizon 2020 and its opportunities, and to build the capacity of National Contact Points (NCPs) for improved participation in Horizon 2020 by African research scientists.
Third meeting of the EU-Africa High Level Policy Dialogue (HLPD) Expert Working Group (EWG) on food and nutrition security and sustainable agriculture
London, 5-6 March
The HLPD Expert Working Group met for the third time to make progress on their input to a roadmap developing a long-term EU-Africa Research and Innovation Partnership with a particular focus, initially, on food and nutrition security and sustainable agriculture (FNSSA). This meeting followed an external consultation phase on the draft input that was launched in February 2015. The draft input focusses on three thematic pillars: sustainable intensification, agriculture and food systems for nutrition and agricultural markets and trade and some cross-cutting ones, such as innovation, social science, gender and capacity-building. The final input is expected to be presented to the EU-Africa HLPD Bureau on 27 April in Brussels.
The EU-Africa HLPD Bureau (co-chaired by the European Commission (DG Research and Innovation) and Congo Brazzaville replaced at this meeting by Namibia; the African Union Commission, DG Agriculture and Rural Development, DG International Cooperation and Development, South Africa, Latvia, Germany, UK, France and Portugal were present) also met. The HLPD Bureau will now work on transforming the input of the EWG into a final roadmap towards the EU-Africa Research and Innovation Partnership, specifically developing the potential modalities of cooperation and instruments to be used in the short-, medium- and long-term, before submitting it to the senior officials of the EU-Africa HLPD for their approval in March 2016 in Addis Ababa (tbc). On both sides, pre-meetings took place with those countries that are not currently seated in the EU-Africa HLPD Bureau (additional countries present were Belgium, Sweden, Kenya, Angola and Egypt).
In addition, a first meeting with potential funders took place, building on the successes achieved with the FP7 initiated international ERANET, ERAfrica. ERAfrica enabled 15 European and African countries to pool financial resources through a virtual fund for a total of 10.7 MEUR to fund collaborative research projects. Those funding agencies present (from France, Belgium, Finland, Norway, the Netherlands, Austria, Germany, UK, Portugal, Switzerland, Italy, Angola, Kenya, South Africa, Egypt, Ivory Coast, Namibia) indicated a clear commitment to the roadmap of the EU-Africa Research & Innovation Partnership on FNSSA.
Africa is a unique partner for the EU for historical and geographical reasons. The EU remains Africa's most important partner either for trade, development aid or investment.
Two main frameworks govern EU relations with Africa: the Cotonou agreement which provides a legal basis for relations with Sub-Saharan African countries together with Caribbean and Pacific countries but excluding South Africa; and the Joint Africa-EU Strategy (JAES) adopted by the African and European Heads of State at the Lisbon Summit in 2007.
The JAES is the political framework steering relations with the whole African continent (North Africa included, legally covered by the European Neighbourhood Policy). It has changed the nature of the relationship between Africa and the EU to one based on partnership, egalitarian relationships, shared objectives and mutual benefits and risks. It developed a long term vision on how to ensure peace and security and leverage faster socio-economic growth and sustainable development in Africa.
At the EU-Africa Summit 2014, a new framework of cooperation within the JAES was agreed upon. Amongst the five areas of cooperation, science, technology and innovation is playing a cross-cutting, because investment in STI contributes to the attainment of all other socio-economic development objectives, including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the future post-2015 and Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) targets. Investments in STI are vital to promote growth and employment, improve competitiveness and identify and address pressing global societal challenges such as climate change, affordable renewable energy and energy efficiency, infectious diseases or food and nutrition security.
STI was also embedded as a pillar in the third cooperation area entitled human development with the main objective being the promotion of human capital development and knowledge; skills based societies and economies, in particular by strengthening the links between education, training, science and innovation, and better manage mobility of people.
Several countries in Africa signed bilateral Science and Technology Cooperation Agreements with the European Union: South Africa (1996, entered into force 1997), Egypt (2005, entered into force 2008), Tunisia (2003, entered into force 2004), Morocco (2004, entered into force 2005) and Algeria (signed 2012, entered into force 2013).
EU-Africa High Level Policy Dialogue on Science, Technology and Innovation
The EU-Africa High Level Policy Dialogue (HLPD) on Science, Technology and Innovation was adopted at the 2nd Africa-EU Summit in Tripoli in 2010 as an important element of the Joint Africa-EU Strategy (JAES). The dialogue serves as a platform for regular exchanges on research and innovation policy and aims to formulate and implement long-term priorities to strengthen Africa-Europe cooperation on science, technology and innovation. The dialogue is co-chaired by the European Union (European Commission, DG Research and Innovation) and the African Union (Member State holding chair of the African Ministerial Council on Science and Technology (AMCOST)) and brings together the S&T representatives from the 27 EU Member States and the 55 African countries.
The first meeting of the Senior Officials of the Africa-EU High Level Policy Dialogue on STI took place in Addis Ababa on 10-11 October 2011 .This first meeting served to discuss the mandate of the HLPD and a Bureau was established to provide support to the HLPD in preparing the plenary meetings and taking the conclusions forward. The Bureau is co-chaired by the European Commission (DG Research and Innovation) and the chair of the "African Ministerial Council on Science and Technology" (AMCOST), which is currently Congo (Brazzaville).. The Bureau is meeting on a regular basis. A second outcome of the meeting was the recommendation to develop a Mapping Study 1.2 MB on the STI cooperation landscape between Europe and Africa.
The second meeting of the EU-Africa HLPD took place in Brussels on 28-29 November 2013 and gathered senior officials of the European Commission, the African Union Commission and Research and Innovation Ministries from the European Union and Africa. The meeting happened at an important time when there were a number of policy developments on both sides. The African Union reformed its Consolidated Plan of Action on Science and Technology (CPA) into a decadal African Union Strategy on Science, Technology and Innovation (STISA-2024). In the European Union’s growth strategy (Europe 2020), science, technology and innovation play a prominent role (Innovation Union) and the EU programme for research and innovation, Horizon 2020, has a more focussed and strategic approach to addressing the grand societal challenges and in this context strengthens international cooperation.
The achievement of sustainable and inclusive growth through the application of knowledge and innovation also clearly figures in the EU development strategy ‘An agenda for change’.
In view of the above, the senior officials have agreed on 5 points (see more details ):
- There is clear and ample evidence that investment in research, science, technology and innovation create growth, jobs and improve competitiveness of countries and regions to the benefit of people’s lives and societies as a whole. Investments in STI are vital to identify and deal with pressing global societal challenges such as climate change, affordable renewable energy, infectious diseases or food and nutrition security. For this matter, STI is underpinned as a driver of socio-economic growth.
- The EU-Africa HLPD on STI aims at enhancing the dialogue between the EU and Africa on STI and strengthens the overall cooperation framework in this domain. The EU-Africa HLPD should become the key platform for priority-setting and implementation design in the domain of STI in the future JAES.
- There is a need for the EU-Africa HLPD to focus on a reduced number of common challenges for the STI cooperation to be effective, although there are many common challenges such as climate change, global health, and improved livelihood. The first priority will be the role of STI in promoting food and nutrition security and sustainable agriculture.
- ‘The way forward’, which outlines the short-, medium- and long-term steps and milestones towards the implementation of a long-term jointly funded Research and Innovation Partnership between the EU and Africa in general, and particularly promoting food and nutrition security and sustainable agriculture.
- The revised version of the Terms of References of the EU-Africa HLPD on STI.
Since the endorsement of the HLPD conclusions by the Heads of State at the EU-Africa Summit 2014, an EU-Africa High Level Policy Dialogue (HLPD) expert working group has been set up in April 2014 and tasked to developing an input to a roadmap towards creating this long-term jointly financed Research and Innovation Partnership with a first focus on food and nutrition security and sustainable agriculture. The final input to the roadmap is expected to be ready by April 2015.
Flagships of S&T Cooperation between Africa and the EU:
The European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnerships (EDCTP) was founded in 2003 to focus work of the European Commission and several EU Member States, in collaboration with African countries, into developing and testing of new medicines against HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis. EDCTP1 has supported 196 research projects; these include 57 clinical trials involving more than 100.000 patients. It has also helped train more than 300 African scientists. The second phase of EDCTP was launched on 2 December 2014 and will work with a budget of approximately €2 billion over the next ten year to which the EU will contribute €683 million from Horizon 2020. The EDCTP Association now includes 13 European countries and 13 African countries
- The Group on Earth Observations (GEO) is coordinating efforts to build a Global Earth Observation System of Systems, or GEOSS. GEOSS will provide decision-support tools to a wide variety of users. International collaboration is essential for exploiting the growing potential of Earth observations to support decision making. At the last GEO Plenary meeting in November the Commission indicated its willingness to support AfriGEOSS, the African component of GEOSS.
- Square Kilometre Array (SKA) is an iconic radio telescope array that will transform the way we see the universe, as well as being a driver of science, technology and innovation on an industrial scale. It is one of a few truly global facilities that will be built by a consortium of countries around the world. The EU and several Member States, in cooperation with South Africa, Australia and other non-European countries, have invested significant resources in the development of the Square Kilometre Array during the Sixth and Seventh Framework Programmes. South Africa will host the mid frequency part of the Array.
- DG RTD supports the European Initiative for Agricultural Research for Development (EIARD), whose role is to promote coordination among its 28 European partners (EU Member States, Norway, Switzerland, European Commission). Activities encompass: (i) at the policy level: developing common European approaches towards the CGIAR (Consultative Group on International Agriculture Research) and its restructuring process, and towards other partners in the Global Forum for Agricultural Research, such as the Sub- Regional Organisations (SROs) in Sub-Saharan Africa, CORAF, ASARECA and SACCAR (for Central Africa, West Africa, East Africa and Southern Africa) and the North Africa SRO-now all coordinated by FARA (Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa); and (ii) at the institutional level EIARD initiated the European Forum for Agricultural Research for Development in order to strengthen institutional and thematic networks of European universities and research organisations.
CAAST-Net Plus (2013-2016)
The Network for the Coordination and Advancement of sub-Saharan Africa-EU Science and Technology Cooperation (CAAST-Net) will continue as CAAST-NET Plus with a special focus on food security, climate change and health. The aim is to increase the quality and quantity of STI cooperation between Europe and Africa in areas of mutual interest and benefit. The network consists of 22 participants (11 European and 11 African participants).
The project, building on the previous experience of MIRA (an FP7 project Fostering the European Union-Mediterranean Partner Countries (EU-MPC) Innovation and Science & Technology Communities of Practice), but adapted to the new reality of the Euro-Mediterranean policy and the general orientations defined in the Euro-Mediterranean Conference of Barcelona (2-3 April 2012), is focused on three societal challenges (Energy, High Quality Affordable Food, and Scarcity of resources) and aims at tackling policy objectives by creating a dialogue and coordination platform of governmental institutions, research organisations, associations and civil society.
An ERANET with Africa aimed at promoting a unified European approach to collaborating with Africa in the field of science and technology research for innovation and sustainable development (EC contribution 2MEUR.The FP7-funded ERAfrica initiative is an innovative funding model that enabled 15 European and African countries to launch a joint call for proposals in 3 thematic fields: Renewable Energy, Interfacing Challenges and New Ideas, resulting in 17 collaborative research projects being backed through a virtual fund for a total of € 8.3 million.
- Mapping of best practice regional and multi-country cooperative STI initiatives between Africa and Europe - identification of financial mechanism(s) 2008–2012
- EU-Africa High Level Policy Dialogue on Science, Technology and Innovation 2013 – Conclusions