Mobility and networking of researchers is an essential feature of international S&T cooperation: competition for the best brains is intense. It is crucial that European researchers working in third countries remain part of the European Research Area (ERA) as well as researchers from third countries are enabled to contribute to their own countries development. This builds on the ERA initiative for a single labour market for researchers.
Brain circulation' is promoted through a number of actions such as: increased funding in Member States for 'return grants' to enable researchers to return to their home countries. the possibility of establishing joint physical or virtual research labs between the EU and third countries.