General political context
The EU seeks to develop particular close relationship to Algeria, its geographical neighbour, and to support Algeria's economic and political reforms. The relationship emphasizes close cooperation on democratic reform, economic modernization, and migration issues. Algeria is a participant to the European Neighbourhood Policy. Algeria and the EU are bound by the legally binding treaty in the form of an Association agreement.
The Euro-Mediterranean Barcelona process started in 1995 and provides the political framework for Algeria-EU partnership. Within this framework, the EU in engaged in a reinforced cooperation with Algeria in research and innovation and an agreement on science and technology between the two sides was signed in April 2012 and ratified in June 2013. The agreement promotes the opening of ERA and European Research programmes to the Algerian participation. The implementation of this agreement remains a main priority of the bilateral cooperation. The FP7 supported EU-Algeria platform EARN - Euro-Algerian Research Networking - aims to help in the implementation of the agreement. The first meeting of the Joint S&T Committee is foreseen for October 2013.
At a regional level, Algeria is a member of the MOCO (Monitoring Committee for Euro-Mediterranean Cooperation in Research and Innovation) which brings together all EU Members States and the South Mediterranean countries to define strategic orientations for Euro-Med S&T collaboration.
Algeria’s participation in FP7
Under FP7 there have been 21 private and public Algerian institutions participating in 24 projects. The priority areas for cooperation for the Algerian researchers and research entities have been health, environment, agriculture and food security. The EU contribution to these projects has amounted to EUR 61 million, EUR 2 million of which have gone to the Algerian entities.