Horizon 2020 EU-US agreement: frequently asked questions
The European Commission and the Government of the United States of America concluded on 17 October 2016 an Implementing Arrangement that simplifies the cooperation between Horizon 2020 projects and US entities. A document containing a list of frequently asked questions for this type of cooperation is now available.
EU-US agreement offers new opportunities for research cooperation
Commissioner Carlos Moedas and H.E. Mr Anthony L. Gardner, Head of the Mission of the United States to the EU
European and American researchers will be able to work together more closely on projects funded under Horizon 2020, the European Union's research and innovation programme. This is thanks to an agreement concluded on the 17 of October between the European Commission and the US Government.
The agreement facilitates cooperation between US organisations and Horizon 2020 participants in cases where the US organisations are funded by the US and do not receive any funding from the Horizon 2020 programme. It simplifies cooperation between a selected Horizon 2020 project and a US entity by enabling researchers to organise their cooperation outside the formal Horizon 2020 Grant Agreement signed for each project, in accordance with applicable laws, rules, policies, and regulations of their respective funding programmes.
USA as a partner of the European Union
The United States of America (US) are a long standing partner of the European Union (EU).
Today the negotiations on a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) which started in 2013 are the key initiative for economic dialogue and are expected to lead to an EU-US trade agreement.
Historically the relations between the US and the EU were formalised in 1990 with the adoption of the "Transatlantic Declaration" . In 2007 following the US-EU Summit, a Declaration on Enhancing Transatlantic Economic Integration and Growth laid the foundation for a "growth driven agenda of dialogue". And until 2013 the Transatlantic Economic Council was the primary forum for economic dialogue between the EU and the US.
For research and innovation, the cooperation between the EU and the US is governed by the "Agreement for Scientific and Technological Cooperation". It was originally signed in 1998, renewed four times for 5 years each time and is now valid until October 2018. In June 2013, the Commission published an independent review of the current agreement.
Moreover a bilateral cooperation Agreement on fusion energy research was signed in 2001 between the US and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). Both the US and Euratom are members of the ITER project.
For fission energy research, the US and Euratom signed two "Technical Exchange and Cooperation Arrangements", one on Nuclear related Technology research and one on Nuclear safety research. Both Euratom and the US are members of the "Generation IV International Forum".
Recently, following the EU-US Summit in March 2014, EU and US leaders underlined the commitment "to expand cooperation in research, innovation and new emerging technologies, and protection of intellectual property rights as strong drivers for increased trade and future economic growth". Moreover, they also referred to:
- space cooperation
- the Transatlantic Ocean Research Alliance
- the GPS/Galileo agreement
- the Transatlantic Economic Council which “will continue its work to improve cooperation in emerging sectors, specifically e-mobility, e-health and new activities under the Innovation Action Partnership”
- Climate change: where the EU and the US “demonstrate leadership and are intensifying their cooperation in promoting sustainable energy, energy efficiency and renewable energy”
- Energy: including “joint research priorities” under the EU-US Energy Council, where the partners “remain committed to close cooperation on energy research and innovation in areas including energy efficiency, smart and resilient energy grids and storage, advanced materials including critical materials for safe and sustainable energy supply, nuclear energy and interoperability of standards for electric vehicle and smart grid technologies”, as well as “knowledge-sharing on carbon capture and storage, and on the sustainable development of unconventional energy resources”
- Digital economy and cyber security: where it was “decided to launch a comprehensive EU-US cyber dialogue to strengthen and further our cooperation including on various cyber-related foreign policy issues”
FP7 statistics (2007-2013)
US applications for FP7 grants:
6 269 US applicants, 5 649 eligible proposals, total requested EU contribution approx. €368.89 million; Among the Third Countries, the US ranks 1st in terms of number of applicants and 2nd in terms of requested EC contribution.
|US - United States - most active FP7 research priority areas by number of applications for the research projects|
|FP7 priority area||
|Marie-Curie Actions||3,826||n/a||944||24.67 %||n/a||n/a|
|Information and Communication Technologies||546||64.42||121||22.16 %||13.76||21.36 %|
|Health||453||145.90||151||33.33 %||50.86||34.86 %|
|European Research Council||253||43.19||24||9.49 %||2.46||5.69 %|
|Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, and Biotechnology||232||28.76||62||26.72 %||5.19||18.05 %|
|Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies - NMP||166||4.98||50||30.12 %||0.55||11.02 %|
Signed Grant Agreements/ projects with US participation:
514 US participants in 410 signed grant agreements, with a total EU contribution of 81.96 million euros . Among the Third Countries in all FP7 signed grant agreements, the United States rank 2nd in number of participations and 1st in budget share.
H2020 statistics (from 2014 to spring 2015)
US applications for H2020 grants:
- 977 applicants, 911 eligible proposals, with a total requested EU contribution of about 143.96 million euros. The US does not take up the role of coordinator in any EU-funded H2020 projects
- Top 3 priority areas in terms of participations of United States :
- Excellent Science - 765 applications; 103.39 million Euros of requested EU contribution
- Societal Challenges - 161 applications; 35.28 million Euros of requested EU contribution
- Industrial Leadership - 37 applications; 2.38 million Euros of requested EU contribution
Information and Communication Technologies: 17 applications; 0.85 million of requested EU contribution
Space: 11 applications; 0.72 million of requested EU contribution
- Top 3 action types in terms of applications of United States are:
- Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions (MSCA) - - 716 applications; 98.36 million Euros of requested EU contribution
- Research and Innovation action (RIA) - 206 applications; 39.95 million Euros of requested EU contribution
- Coordination and Support Action (CSA - ) - 24 applications; 2.04 million Euros of requested EU contribution
Projects supporting cooperation and policy dialogue
BILAT-USA 2 (2012-2015)is a bilateral coordination activity to enhance and develop science, technology and innovation (STI) partnerships between the European Union and the United States of America. It has three main goals:
- support the policy dialogue within the framework of the EU-US STI cooperation agreement
- enhance the cooperation between research and innovation actors on both sides and spread information on funding possibilities through workshops and events
- analyse the state-of-the-art and the progress of transatlantic science and technology cooperation. In March 2013, the EU-US Joint STI Committee Meeting determined four research areas as priorities for transatlantic cooperation: Marine & Arctic Research, NMP, Health and Transport
EURAXESS-Links US (2007)Promotes networking activities among European and US researchers.
DG Research and Innovation
Policy Officer - Research and innovation relations with USA and Canada
Unit RTD C2 – North America, Latin America and the Caribbean
Telephone: (+32) 229 95335
R&I Counsellor for U.S.A.
2175 K Street
NW Washington DC 20037, USA