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Innovation Union Competitiveness Report 2011

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Data and statistics

Part III: Towards an innovative Europe - contributing to the Innovation Union

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FIGURE III.1.1 BERD performed by SMEs as % of GDP, 2008

  2.4 MB

  92 KB

FIGURE III.1.2 BERD as % of GDP and % share of BERD performed by SMEs, 2008

  2.4 MB

  92 KB

FIGURE III.1.3 SMEs – Distribution of innovation expenditure by type of activity, 2006-2008

  2.4 MB

  98 KB

FIGURE III.1.4 Enterprises with innovation activities – Innovation expenditure
as % of turnover, 2006-2008

  2.4 MB

  91 KB

FIGURE III.1.5 PCT patent applications by young firms (< 5 years), 2005-2007

  2.4 MB

  91 KB

FIGURE III.1.6 SMEs with new or significantly improved products new to the market as % of all SMEs with innovation activities, 2006-2008

  2.4 MB

  91 KB

FIGURE III.1.7 Birth rate of business enterprises

  2.4 MB

  97 KB

FIGURE III.1.8 Death rate of business enterprises

  2.4 MB

  97 KB

FIGURE III.1.9 Survival rate of business enterprises

  2.4 MB

  97 KB

FIGURE III.1.10 High-growth and young high-growth enterprises as % of total enterprises, 2007

  2.4 MB

  97 KB

FIGURE III.1.11 R&D Intensity for the EU and US Scoreboard companies by age of company

  2.4 MB

  98 KB

FIGURE III.2.1 Cross-sectional estimates of the private firm-level rate of return to R&D

  2.4 MB

  97 KB

FIGURE III.2.2 The interplay of Framework Conditions

 N/A 

  40 KB

FIGURE III.2.3 The SME life cycle and financing needs

 N/A 

  39 KB

FIGURE III.2.4 Venture Capital – Early stage (seed + start-up) per thousand GDP, 2009

  2.4 MB

  91 KB

FIGURE III.2.5 Venture Capital – Expansion and replacement per thousand GDP, 2009

  2.4 MB

  91 KB

FIGURE III.2.6 Perceived Venture Capital Availability

  29 KB

  66 KB

FIGURE III.2.7 Perceived Ease of Access to Loans

  29 KB

  66 KB

FIGURE III.2.8 Perceived financing through local equity markets

  29 KB

  123 KB

FIGURE III.2.9 State aid for R&D and innovation as % of total aid, 2009

  2.4 MB

  116 KB

FIGURE III.2.10 Private company (industry) participants in FP6 and FP7
as % of total participants

  2.4 MB

  97 KB

FIGURE III.2.11 Share of EC financial contribution allocated to participants from industry in FP6 and FP7

  2.4 MB

  97 KB

FIGURE III.2.12 Share of SMEs in the total number of FP7 participants

  2.4 MB

  91 KB

FIGURE III.2.13 Share of enterprises with broadband access (%), 2009

  2.4 MB

  92 KB

FIGURE III.2.14 Speed of a typical broadband subscription (kbits per second), 2008; in brackets: average annual growth, 2005-2008

  2.4 MB

  91 KB

FIGURE III.2.15 Average broadband monthly prices per advertised Mbit/s, PPP$, October, 2009

  2.4 MB

  91 KB

FIGURE III.2.16 Perceived Buyer Sophistication

  29 KB

  113 KB

FIGURE III.2.17 Innovation and risks from the suppliers’ side

 N/A 

  38 KB

FIGURE III.2.18 Public procurement advertised in the Official Journal as % of GDP, 2009

  2.4 MB

  91 KB

FIGURE III.2.19 Perceived government procurement of advanced technology products, perception of suppliers 2009

  29 KB

  67 KB

FIGURE III.2.20 Perceived Intensity of Local Competition

  29 KB

  65 KB

FIGURE III.2.21 Trade as % of GDP, 2009

  2.4 MB

  92 KB

FIGURE III.2.22 Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Intensity, 2008 and 2009

  2.4 MB

  98 KB

FIGURE III.2.23 Average Development Times – ENs, 2000-2010
excluding Amendments, Corrigenda & Consolidations

  2.4 MB

  96 KB

FIGURE III.2.24 Share of surveyed respondents engaged in an entrepreneurial activity:early-stage and established business, 2009

  2.4 MB

  98 KB

FIGURE III.2.25 Share of surveyed respondents engaged in an entrepreneurial activity (total of early-stage and established business), 2004 and 2009

  2.4 MB

  123 KB

FIGURE III.2.26 Fear of failure rate, 2009

  2.4 MB

  91 KB

FIGURE III.2.27 EU - Greatest fears when starting up a business, 2009

  2.4 MB

  96 KB

FIGURE III.2.28 Greatest fears when starting up a business (The three most mentioned fears by country), 2009

  2.4 MB

  201 KB

FIGURE III.2.29 EU – Barriers to entrepreneurship, 2009

  2.4 MB

  97 KB

FIGURE III.3.1 Employment in manufacturing and services as % of total employment, 1995-2009

  2.4 MB

  92 KB

FIGURE III.3.2 Employment by type – % shares, 2009

  2.4 MB

  99 KB

FIGURE III.3.3 Share of employment in manufacturing and services – Average annual growth (%), 1995-2009

  2.4 MB

  98 KB

FIGURE III.3.4 Employment in Knowledge-Intensive Activities (KIA) as % of total employment, 2009

  2.1 MB

  106 KB

FIGURE III.3.5 Employment in Knowledge-Intensive Activities (KIA) as % of total employment – Average annual growth, 2000-2008

  2.3 MB

  116 KB

FIGURE III.3.6 Employment in high-tech and medium high-tech manufacturing and in knowledge-intensive services (KIS) as % of total employment, 2009

  31 KB

  110 KB

FIGURE III.3.7 Employment in high-tech and medium high-tech manufacturing and in knowledge-intensive services (KIS) as % of total employment – growth,
2008-2009

  2.1 MB

  110 KB

FIGURE III.3.8 Intensity trends for EU Scoreboard companies

  2.4 MB

  93 KB

FIGURE III.3.9 BERD Intensity (BERD as % of value added) in the textile sector, 1995 and 2007

  2.4 MB

  122 KB

FIGURE III.3.10 BERD Intensity(1) gains / losses if the economic structure remains constant over t he period 1995-2007

  2.4 MB

  91 KB

FIGURE III.3.11 The effect on BERD Intensity of changes in the economic structure over t he period 1995-2007

  2.4 MB

  91 KB

FIGURE III.3.12 EU – Share of value added versus BERD Intensity – Average annual growth, 1995-2006

  2.4 MB

  93 KB

FIGURE III.3.13 EU – 15 Member States – Share of value added versus BERD Intensity –Average annual growth, 1995-2006

  2.4 MB

  93 KB

FIGURE III.3.14 EU – 12 Member States(1) – Share of value added versus BERD Intensity –Average annual growth, 1995-2006

  2.4 MB

  93 KB

FIGURE III.4.1 EU innovation performance compared to main competitors

  2.4 MB

  91 KB

FIGURE III.4.2 EU innovation performance compared to the United States

  2.4 MB

  92 KB

FIGURE III.4.3  EU innovation performance compared to China

  2.4 MB

  90 KB

FIGURE III.4.5 Total factor productivity (total economy), 1995-2010 (2000=100)

  2.3 MB

  91 KB

FIGURE III.4.6 R&D Intensity (average) and total factor productivity (evolution),
2000-2009

  2.4 MB

  92 KB

FIGURE III.4.7 Total factor productivity (total economy) by country, 1995-2010 (2000 = 100)

  2.4 MB

  119 KB

FIGURE III.4.8 Labour Productivity – Annual real growth rate(1), 2000-2009

  2.3 MB

  91 KB

FIGURE III.4.9 Labour Productivity – GDP per hour worked in PPS€, 2010

  2.3 MB

  92 KB

FIGURE III.4.10 International transactions in royalties and licence fees

  2.4 MB

  118 KB

FIGURE III.4.11 High-Tech exports as % of total national exports, 2008

  2.4 MB

  91 KB

FIGURE III.4.12 High-Tech exports as % of total national exports, 2008

  2.4 MB

  92 KB

FIGURE III.4.13 Contribution of high-tech and medium-high-tech
manufactured goods to the trade balance, 2000 and 2008

  2.4 MB

  97 KB

FIGURE III.4.14 Contribution of Knowledge-Intensive Services (KIS) to the trade balance, 2002 and 2007

  2.4 MB

  97 KB

FIGURE III.4.15 Competitiveness index, 2010

 N/A 

  946 KB

FIGURE III.5.1 GBAORD for environment related R&D, 2004 and 2009

  2.4 MB

  93 KB

FIGURE III.5.2 Long term growth of EPO patent applications in sustainable energy, high-tech and total patents, 1979 - 2007 (1979=1)

  2.4 MB

  89 KB

FIGURE III.5.3 R&D investment and patent evolution in renewable energy in OECD countries, 1982 =1

  2.4 MB

  88 KB

FIGURE III.5.4 Climate change mitigation technologies – PCT patent applications – World shares, 2007

  2.4 MB

  88 KB

FIGURE III.5.5 Climate change mitigation technologies – PCT patent applications per billion GDP (PPS€), 2000 and 2007

  2.4 MB

  95 KB

FIGURE III.5.6 PCT patent applications in environmental technologies –
World shares, 2004-2006

  2.4 MB

  94 KB

FIGURE III.5.7 EPO patent applications in wind energy – Three year moving average, 1982-2007

  2.4 MB

  89 KB

FIGURE III.5.8 EPO patents in solar energy (3 year moving average), 1982-2006

  2.4 MB

  114 KB

FIGURE III.5.9 Total expenditure on health as % of GDP, 1995 and 2008

  2.4 MB

  95 KB

FIGURE III.5.10 GBAORD for R&D in health as % of GDP, 2008 and average annual growth 2000-2008

  2.4 MB

  95 KB

FIGURE III.5.11 R&D expenditure in the pharmaceutical industry as % of GDP, 2006

  2.4 MB

  88 KB

FIGURE III.5.12 PCT patent applications in medical technologies –
World shares, 2004-2006

  2.4 MB

  88 KB

FIGURE III.5.13 Pharmaceutical PCT patent applications – World shares, 2004-2006

  2.4 MB

  88 KB

FIGURE III.5.14 Health technologies – PCT patent applications per billion GDP (PPS€), 2000 and 2007

  1.9 MB

  95 KB

FIGURE III.5.15 Pharmaceuticals – BERD as % of GDP and PCT patent applications per billion PPS€, 2006(1)

  2.4 MB

  94 KB

FIGURE III.5.16 FP7 by thematic priorities, 2007-2009 (9.2 billion euro)

  2.3 MB

  89 KB

FIGURE III.5.17  1 032 topics

 N/A 

  143 KB

FIGURE III.5.18 EC contribution of € 2.70 billion euro

 N/A 

  143 KB

FIGURE III.5.19 771 topics

 N/A 

  143 KB

FIGURE III.5.20 EC contribution of 3.34 billion euro

 N/A 

  143 KB

FIGURE III.5.21 Targeted actions and global challenges

  2.3 MB

  101 KB

FIGURE III.5.22 Participation of regions of the world by thematic areas

  1.3 MB

  106 KB

TABLE III.2.1 Share of companies in total FP7 particpants and total FP7 EC funding

  2.4 MB

 N/A 

TABLE III.2.2 Cost of obtaining and maintaining a patent per billion GDP (PPS€) at the EPO, USPTO, JPO and KIPO

  2.4 MB

 N/A 

TABLE III.2.3 Consumer confidence index (1)

  2.4 MB

 N/A 

TABLE III.2.4 Fast growing S&T fields vs. European policy initiatives sectors

 N/A 

 N/A 

TABLE III.2.5  Number of published standards, 2000-2009

  2.4 MB

 N/A 

TABLE III.2.6 Ease of doing business: World Bank ranking, 2010

  2.4 MB

 N/A 

TABLE III.3.1 Employment in Knowledge Intensive Activities (KIA) as % of total
employment, 2008 and 2009

  2.4 MB

 N/A 

TABLE III.3.2 Employment in high-tech and medium-high-tech manufacturing and in knowledge intensive services (KIS) as % of total employment, 2008 and 2009

  2.4 MB

 N/A 

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