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Innovation Union Competitiveness Report 2011

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Data and statistics

Part II: A European Research Area open to the world - towards a more efficient research and innovation system

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FIGURE II.1.1 Representation of future profile of a higher education institution

 N/A 

  109 KB

FIGURE II.1.2 Number of scientific publications (thousands) and top universities
national shares of scientific publications ( %), 2000-2006

  2.4 MB

  129 KB

FIGURE II.1.3 Distribution of top public research institutions in Europe, 2009

  123 KB

  149 KB

FIGURE II.1.4 Web-based links between the top public research institutions
in Europe, 2010

  65 KB

  159 KB

FIGURE II.1.5 Importance of developments for institutional strategy

  2.4 MB

  108 KB

FIGURE II.1.6 The three most important developments in the funding
of universities in the past five years

  2.3 MB

  112 KB

FIGURE II.1.7 GOVERD and HERD as % of total public expenditure on R&D, 2009

  2.4 MB

  112 KB

FIGURE II.1.8 The 200 most research intensive universities in Europe :
income by source of funds(1) ( %)

  2.4 MB

  108 KB

FIGURE II.1.9 The 200 most research intensive universities in Europe :
income by source of funds, averages by country

  2.4 MB

  114 KB

FIGURE II.1.10 The top 100 universities in terms of FP7 participations (ranked) versus their 2008 Leiden rankings

  2.4 MB

  109 KB

FIGURE II.1.11 European Research Council (ERC) grants by host country, 2007-2010

  2.4 MB

  127 KB

FIGURE II.1.12 Nationality of European Research Council (ERC) grantees, 2007-2010

  2.4 MB

  113 KB

FIGURE II.1.13 International mobility of European Research Council
(ERC) grant holders, 2007-2010

  2.4 MB

  113 KB

FIGURE II.2.1 EU – EPO patent applications by institutional sector, 1995-2006

  2.4 MB

  127 KB

FIGURE II.2.2 Public sector expenditure on R&D (GOVERD + HERD) financed
by business enterprise as % of GDP 2000 and 2009

  2.4 MB

  151 KB

FIGURE II.2.3 Public-private co-publications per million population,
EU, United States and Japan, 2003-2008

  2.4 MB

  127 KB

FIGURE II.2.4 Public-private co-publications per million population,
selected Member States, 2000-2008

  4.6 MB

  108 KB

FIGURE II.2.5 Main cooperation partners of innovative enterprises as %
of innovative enterprises, 2006-2008

  2.4 MB

  114 KB

FIGURE II.2.6 Technology clusters in the Information Technology (IT) Field

 N/A 

  350 KB

FIGURE II.2.7 Technology clusters in the Automotive Field

 N/A 

  343 KB

FIGURE II.2.8 Clusters in the Field of Medical Technologies

 N/A 

  352 KB

FIGURE II.3.1 Share ( %) of women in total R&D personnel(1) and R&D expenditure (GERD) per R&D personnel, 2007

  2.4 MB

  108 KB

FIGURE II.3.2 EU - Human Resources in Science and Technology - Core HRSTC), Scientists and Engineers and total employment - women as %
of total, 2009 and average annual growth rate ( %), 2002-2009

  2.6 MB

  113 KB

FIGURE II.3.3 Female researchers (Head Count) as % of total researchers (Head Count), 2007

  2.4 MB

  108 KB

FIGURE II.3.4 Researchers (FTE) by sector – Female as % of total, 2007

  2.4 MB

  111 KB

FIGURE II.3.5 Researchers (FTE) by sector – Female as % of total, 2000

  2.4 MB

  111 KB

FIGURE II.3.6 Researchers (Head Count, female and male) in the higher education
sector – % distribution by field of science, 2008

  2.4 MB

  119 KB

FIGURE II.3.7 Researchers (Head Count, female and male) in the government sector – % distribution by field of science, 2008

  2.4 MB

  119 KB

FIGURE II.3.8 Researchers (Head Count, female and male) in the business enterprise sector – % distribution by economic activity, 2008

  2.4 MB

  116 KB

FIGURE II.3.9 Female PhD (ISCED 6) graduates as % of total PhD (ISCED 6) graduates, 2001 and 2008

  2.4 MB

  114 KB

FIGURE II.3.10 Female and male PhD (ISCED 6) graduates - average annual growth (%), 2001-2004 and 2005-2008

  2.4 MB

  115 KB

FIGURE II.3.11 EU – proportions of women and men in a typical academic career –students and academic staff, 2002 and 2006

  2.3 MB

  113 KB

FIGURE II.3.12  Proportion of women in Grade A academic positions, 2002 and 2007

  2.4 MB

  114 KB

FIGURE II.3.13 EU - proportions of women and men in a typical academic career in science and engineering – students and academic staff, 2002 and 2006

  2.3 MB

  113 KB

FIGURE II.3.14 Glass Ceiling Index, 2004 and 2007

  2.9 MB

  114 KB

FIGURE II.3.15 Proportion of female heads of institutions in the Higher
Education Sector (HES), 2007

  2.8 MB

  129 KB

FIGURE II.3.16 Proportion of women on boards, 2007

  2.7 MB

  130 KB

FIGURE II.4.1 Government funded R&D by type of funding(1), 2008

  2.3 MB

  107 KB

FIGURE II.4.2 National public funding by funding modes
and sector of performance, 2008

  2.4 MB

  109 KB

FIGURE II.4.3 Public funding of R&D in Europe, 2007-2009

  2.4 MB

  134 KB

FIGURE II.4.4 National public funding of trans-nationally coordinated research
by category, as a % of total national GBAORD, 2008

  2.4 MB

  126 KB

FIGURE II.4.5 Visiting researchers by operator country versus outgoing researchers by country of residence in research infrastructure projects funded by FP6

  2.4 MB

  108 KB

FIGURE II.4.6 EU funding of R&D as % of civil GBAORD, 2007-2009 (annual average)

  2.4 MB

  161 KB

FIGURE II.4.7 Regional structural funds : Planned investments in research and innovation

 N/A 

  920 KB

FIGURE II.4.8 7th Framework Programme, average funding per head, 2007-2009

 N/A 

  916 KB

FIGURE II.4.9 Ratio of average annual FPR commitments
2007-2009 per 1000 GERD 2007

 N/A 

  931 KB

FIGURE II.4.10 Number of participations in FP7 per thousand researchers (FTE)

  2.4 MB

  107 KB

FIGURE II.4.11 Integration of EU Member States in FP6 research networks

 N/A 

  62 KB

FIGURE II.4.12 FP7 collaborative links between European countries

  2.1 MB

  65 KB

FIGURE II.4.13 FP7 collaborative links with European countries per 1 000
researchers (FTE)

  2.4 MB

  111 KB

FIGURE II.4.14 Associated and Third country participations as % of total
participations in EU Framework Programmes, 1998-2010

  2.3 MB

  106 KB

FIGURE II.4.15 Number of collaborative links between research teams from major third countries participating in FP activities and EU research teams

  2.4 MB

  107 KB

FIGURE II.4.16 Number of FP7 collaborative links between EU Member States
and BRIC countries, the United States and South Africa

  2.3 MB

  130 KB

FIGURE II.5.1 Erasmus student mobility in humanities and social sciences, 2007-2008

  69 KB

  63 KB

FIGURE II.5.2 Erasmus student mobility in natural sciences
and engineering, 2007-2008

  65 KB

  65 KB

FIGURE II.5.3 Mobility of students in tertiary education

  95 KB

  71 KB

FIGURE II.5.4 Doctoral candidates (ISCED 6) with the citizenship of another EU Member State as % of total doctoral candidates in the reporting Member State, 2007

  2.3 MB

  124 KB

FIGURE II.5.5 EU doctoral candidates (ISCED 6) in EU Member States of which they are not citizens as % of total doctoral candidates of their citizenship in their home Member State, 2007

  2.3 MB

  123 KB

FIGURE II.5.6 Share of researchers in the higher education sector with international mobility experience (of at least three months duration), 2009

  2.3 MB

  124 KB

FIGURE II.5.7 Mobility patterns of Marie Curie grant holders, 2008

  47 KB

  60 KB

FIGURE II.5.8 Non-US citizen doctoral graduates in science and engineering
in the United States by main region of origin, 1996-2007

  2.3 MB

  107 KB

FIGURE II.5.9 European citizen doctoral graduates in science and engineering
in the United States, 1996-2007

  2.3 MB

  107 KB

FIGURE II.5.10 Number of EU citizens earning doctorates at universities and colleges in the United States as % of total doctoral degrees awarded at home, 2007

  2.3 MB

  143 KB

FIGURE II.5.11 Foreign (non-EU) doctoral candidates (ISCED 6) in the EU –
the top 30 countries of origin, 2007

  2.3 MB

  108 KB

FIGURE II.5.12 Number of non-EU doctoral candidates (ISCED 6) by region of citizenship – the five Member States receiving the most candidates, 2007

  2.3 MB

  107 KB

FIGURE II.6.1 Number of Open Access journals, 2002-2011

  2.3 MB

  106 KB

FIGURE II.6.2 Growth of the Open DOAR Database

 N/A 

  51 KB

FIGURE II.6.3 Repositories by world region

  2.3 MB

  108 KB

FIGURE II.6.4 EU collaboration in scientific publications, 2003-2008 ; in brackets average annual growth rate 2003-2008

  2.3 MB

  107 KB

FIGURE II.6.5 Scientific co-publications between the EU, the United States, Japan,
South Korea, China and Brazil, 2000–2009 (in brackets : average annual
growth rates ( %), 2000–2009)

 N/A 

  85 KB

FIGURE II.6.6 Co-publications between European countries, 2000–2009

  80 KB

  145 KB

FIGURE II.6.7 The five main co-publication partners of EU Member States
and associated countries, 2000-2009

  2.5 MB

  111 KB

FIGURE II.6.8 Number of EPO patent applications with at least one
inventor residing in the EU, 1995-2006

  2.3 MB

  107 KB

FIGURE II.6.9 PCT patent applications co-inventor abroad, 2007

  85 KB

  46 KB

FIGURE II.6.10 Number of transnational co-patents for each pair of countries, 2000-2007 ; in brackets average annual growth rates ( %) 2000-2006

 N/A 

  82 KB

FIGURE II.6.11 International and domestic co-patents, 2006

  2.4 MB

  109 KB

FIGURE II.6.12 EPO patent applications with co-inventor(s)
in other European countries, 2007

  43 KB

  68 KB

FIGURE II.6.13 Co-patents involving EU and non-EU countries, 2006(2)

  2.4 MB

  135 KB

FIGURE II.6.14 Foreign ownership ( %) of domestic inventions, 2007

  2.4 MB

  145 KB

FIGURE II.6.15 Domestic ownership ( %) of foreign inventions, 2007

  2.4 MB

  119 KB

FIGURE II.6.16 Foreign ownership of domestic inventions, 2007 ; in brackets :
the share ( %) of domestic patent applications owned by foreign residents

  2.4 MB

  108 KB

FIGURE II.6.17 Domestic ownership of foreign inventions, 2007 ; in brackets :
the share ( %) of domestic patent applications originating abroad

  2.4 MB

  108 KB

FIGURE II.6.18 Total number of EU co-patents with Japanese Inventors

 N/A 

  217 KB

FIGURE II.6.19 Total number of EU co-patents with US inventors

 N/A 

  356 KB

FIGURE II.6.20 Perceived Firm-level Technology Absorption, 2009

  29 KB

  104 KB

TABLE II.1.1 The structure of Public Research performing Organizations (PROs)
in Germany, 2007

  2.4 MB

 N/A 

TABLE II.1.2 Main activities and tasks(1) of Public Research performing
Organizations (PROs) in Germany

  2.4 MB

 N/A 

TABLE II.1.3 Estimated economic impact of European Research and Technology
Organizations (RTOs) - central estimates

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE II.1.4 Scienific publications produced by the top European research
universities, 2000-2006

  2.4 MB

 N/A 

TABLE II.1.5 The most important reforms in European universities
(beside the Bologna Process)

  2.4 MB

 N/A 

TABLE II.1.6 Government Intramural Expenditure on R&D (GOVERD)
and Higher Education Expenditure on R&D (HERD), 2009

  2.4 MB

 N/A 

TABLE II.1.7 GOVERD as % of total public expenditure on R&D, 2000-2009

  2.4 MB

 N/A 

TABLE II.1.8 Success of fundraising efforts for research purposes

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE II.1.9 Average amount of philanthropic funds (euro) annually raised for research

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE II.1.10 Distribution of the top 10 universities in the world according
to four academic ranking systems, 2005 and 2010

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE II.1.11 Distribution of the top 100 universities in the world according
to four academic ranking systems, 2005 and 2010

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE II.1.12 FP7 participation and university ranking

  2.4 MB

 N/A 

TABLE II.1.13 Participation and funding of Public Research performing Organizations (PROs) and Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in FP6

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE II.1.14 Research institutions with 10 or more European Research Council (ERC) grantees

  2.4 MB

 N/A 

TABLE II.2.1 Career paths of industry researchers by region of residence

  2.4 MB

 N/A 

TABLE II.3.1 The gender challenge in research funding
(classification based on EC 2009)

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE II.3.2 Female PhD (ISCED 6) graduates as % of total PhD (ISCED 6)
graduates by field of study, 2001(1) and 2008(2)

  2.4 MB

 N/A 

TABLE II.3.3 Vertical segregation (ID-index) : researchers compared to total labour force, 2007

  2.4 MB

 N/A 

TABLE II.4.1 ESFRI projects in the implementation phase

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE II.4.2 Research Infrastructure projects listed in the ESFRI Roadmap 2010

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE II.4.3 The ten biggest tans-national flows of research infrastructure (RI)
users in FP6

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE II.6.1 Normalised network,CPU and computing
capacities, 2005-2010

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE II.6.2 Cross-country network traffic, 2005-2009

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE II.6.3 International scientific co-publications

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE II.6.4 Number of EPO patent applications with at least one
inventor residing in the EU, 1995-2006

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

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