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Innovation Union Competitiveness Report 2011

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Data and statistics

Part I: Investment and performance in R&D

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FIGURE I.1.1 Evolution of World GERD in real terms (PPS€ at 2000 prices and exchange rates), 1995-2008

  2.4 MB

  107 KB

FIGURE I.1.2 Evolution of R&D Intensity, 2000-2009

  2.4 MB

  112 KB

FIGURE I.1.3 EU(1) and the United States - Evolution (in real terms(2)) of GDP and Gross Domestic Expenditure on R&D (GERD), 1967-2009

  2.4 MB

  112 KB

FIGURE I.1.4 R&D Intensity 2000 and 2009

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  114 KB

FIGURE I.1.5 Gross Domestic Expenditure on R&D (GERD)
- Average annual real growth (%), 2000-2009(1)

  2.4 MB

  107 KB

FIGURE I.1.6 R&D Intensity - Progress towards the 2010 targets (in percentage points); in brackets: R&D Intensity, 2009(1)

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  112 KB

FIGURE I.1.7 Distribution of GERD(1) within the EU, 2000 and 2009

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FIGURE I.1.8 Gross Domestic Expenditure on R&D (GERD) as % of regional GDP, 2007

 N/A 

  932 KB

FIGURE I.1.9 EU - R&D Intensity projections

  2.4 MB

  112 KB

FIGURE I.2.1 R&D growth(1) over the business cycle, OECD area, 1982-2007

  2.4 MB

  111 KB

FIGURE I.2.2 Responsiveness of R&D to the business cycle, 1981-2007

  2.3 MB

  105 KB

FIGURE I.2.3 BERD and R&D investment by Scoreboard companies
- Percentage change between 2008 and 2009

  2.4 MB

  114 KB

FIGURE I.2.4 R&D investment and net sales of the top 10 sectors for Scoreboard companies, 2008 and 2009; in brackets the percentage change between 2008 and 2009

  2.4 MB

  114 KB

FIGURE I.2.5 Growth rates of R&D investment and net sales for Scoreboard companies

  2.3 MB

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FIGURE I.3.1R&D expenditure by main sources of funds, 2009(1); in brackets R&D Intensity, 2009

  2.4 MB

  116 KB

FIGURE I.3.2 GBAORD as % of general government expenditure 2000(1) and 2008

  2.4 MB

  112 KB

FIGURE I.3.3 GERD financed by government as % of GDP, 2000(1) and 2009(2)

  2.4 MB

  113 KB

FIGURE I.3.4 Direct and indirect government funding of business R&D
and tax incentives for R&D(1) as % of GDP, 2008

  2.4 MB

  112 KB

FIGURE I.3.5 Evolution of European Commission funding of RTDI, 1985-2010

 N/A 

  110 KB

FIGURE I.3.6 Evolution of European Commission fundng of RTDI as % of total
European Commission expenditure and as % of total EU(2) civil GBAORD,
1985-2009

  2.3 MB

  105 KB

FIGURE I.3.7 GERD financed by the public sector as % of GDP, 2008

  2.4 MB

  111 KB

FIGURE I.3.8 GERD funded by public sources (direct and indirect support)
as % of GDP, 2008

  2.4 MB

  112 KB

FIGURE I.3.9  Public funding of education and R&D as % of GDP,
2000 and 2008

  2.4 MB

  113 KB

FIGURE I.3.10 Public expenditure on education as % of GDP, 2007

  2.4 MB

  112 KB

FIGURE I.3.11 Shares of innovative enterprises that received public funding, 2006-2008

  2.4 MB

  111 KB

FIGURE I.4.1 EU - Population by age group, 2009 and 2030 (projections)

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  106 KB

FIGURE I.4.2 Human Resources in Science and Technology - Core (HRSTC) -
% distribution by age group, 2009

  2.4 MB

  112 KB

FIGURE I.4.3 Performance in mathematics of 15 years old students in Europe, 2009

 N/A 

  112 KB

FIGURE I.4.4 Tertiary graduates, ISCED 5, 2008

  2.4 MB

  110 KB

FIGURE I.4.5 New graduates in Science and Engineering
per thousand population aged 25-34, 2008

  30 KB

  107 KB

FIGURE I.4.6 Tertiary graduates, ISCED 6, 2008

  2.4 MB

  109 KB

FIGURE I.4.7 New doctoral graduates in Science and Engineering per thousand
population aged 25-34, 2008

  30 KB

  107 KB

FIGURE I.4.8 Scientists and engineers (age group 25-64) as %
of active population, 2009

  1.3 MB

  107 KB

FIGURE I.4.9 Researchers (FTE) per thousand labour force, 2008

  31 KB

  102 KB

FIGURE I.4.10 EU - business enterprise researchers (FTE) by selected NACE sector, 2000 and 2007

  2.3 MB

  111 KB

FIGURE I.4.11 Participation in Adult lifelong learning - % share of population aged 25-64 participating in education and training, 2009

  2.3 MB

  106 KB

FIGURE I.4.12 Unemployed Human Resources in Science and Technology as %
of total unemployment, 2009

  2.3 MB

  106 KB

FIGURE I.5.1 GERD financed by business enterprise as % of GDP, 2000 and 2009

  2.4 MB

  113 KB

FIGURE I.5.2 GERD financed by business enterprise (domestic and abroad)
as % of GDP, 2008

  2.4 MB

  111 KB

FIGURE I.5.3 Business R&D expenditure as % of GDP by NUTS 2 regions, 2007

 N/A 

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FIGURE I.5.4 Investment in intangibles as % of GDP, 2005

  2.4 MB

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FIGURE I.5.5 Intangible and tangible investment as % of GDP, 2005

  2.4 MB

  111 KB

FIGURE I.5.6 Finland - investment in intangibles as % of new value added, 2000-2007

  2.3 MB

  110 KB

FIGURE I.5.7 United Kingdom - investment in intangibles as % of new value added, 2000-2006

  2.3 MB

  110 KB

FIGURE I.5.8 Inward R&D expenditure as % of R&D expenditure by business
enterprise, 2000 and 2007

  2.4 MB

  111 KB

FIGURE I.5.9 Inward R&D investment in manufacturing - % shares by investing region

  2.3 MB

  111 KB

FIGURE I.5.10
R&D expenditure of overseas subsidiaries of United States multinational
firms, 2001-2007

  2.4 MB

  136 KB

FIGURE I.5.11 (a) Manufacturing value added - % distribution by type of industry, 2006

  2.4 MB

  113 KB

FIGURE I.5.12 R&D Intensity of the EU and US Scoreboard companies by age of company

  2.3 MB

  112 KB

FIGURE I.5.13 Shares of young and old Scoreboard companies

  2.3 MB

  112 KB

FIGURE I.5.14 R&D Intensity gains and losses in the EU(1) - sectors with the most significant gains and losses, 1995-2006

  2.3 MB

  130 KB

FIGURE I.5.15 EU - Evolution of BERD(1) and researchers (FTE)
by ICT sub-sector, 2002-2007

  2.4 MB

  112 KB

FIGURE I.5.16  Contribution of ICT and non-ICT sectors to total BERD Intensity, 2007

  2.3 MB

  110 KB

FIGURE I.5.17 R&D investment in ICT sub-sectors
by ICT Scoreboard companies, 2004-2007

  2.4 MB

  111 KB

FIGURE I.5.18 R&D Intensity (BERD as % of value added) by ICT sub-sector, 2007

  2.3 MB

  111 KB

FIGURE I.6.1 World shares of scientific publications (%), 2000 and 2009(2)

  2.3 MB

  110 KB

FIGURE I.6.2 Number of scientific publications of the EU Member States
and Associated Countries, 2008

  32 KB

  100 KB

FIGURE I.6.3  Contribution to the 10 % most cited scientific publications(1),
2001-2004, 2004-2007 and 2007-2009

  2.3 MB

  111 KB

FIGURE I.6.4 Contribution to the 10 % most cited scientific publications as % of total national publications, 2007

  32 KB

  99 KB

FIGURE I.6.5  EPO patent applications by inventor's country of residence, 2007

  2.4 MB

  105 KB

FIGURE I.6.6 EPO patents applications, 2007

  173 KB

  103 KB

FIGURE I.6.7 EPO patent applications by inventor's country of residence
per billion GDP (current euro), 2000 and 2007

  2.4 MB

  112 KB

FIGURE I.6.8 EPO patent applications by inventor's country of residence
per million population and BERD as % of GDP, 2007

  2.4 MB

  137 KB

FIGURE I.6.9 High-Tech EPO patent applications by inventor's country of residence per million population, 2000 and 2006

  2.4 MB

  113 KB

FIGURE I.6.10 Patent intensity in the EU NUTS 2 regions 2007

 N/A 

  422 KB

FIGURE I.6.11 Scientific publications and APQI-10
per public sector researcher (FTE), 2007

  2.3 MB

  110 KB

FIGURE I.6.12 Public expenditure on R&D per public sector researcher (euro), 2003 and scientific publications in the 10% most cited scientific publications
worldwide as % of total scientific publications, 2005-2007

  2.4 MB

  112 KB

FIGURE I.6.13 BERD Intensity, 2008 and scientific publications in the 10% most cited scientific publications worldwide as % of total scientific publications,
2005-2007

  2.4 MB

  106 KB

FIGURE I.6.14 PCT patent applications per million population and BERD Intensity, average annual growth 2000-2007

  2.4 MB

  110 KB

TABLE I.1.1 R&D Intensity - Average annual growth (%), 2000-2006 and 2006-2009 (A green background indicates a higher rate of growth in 2006-2009 than in 2000-2006

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 N/A 

TABLE I.1.2 Austria: R&D Intensities for the four sources of funds

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 N/A 

TABLE I.1.3  Private sector and public sector R&D Intensities and private sector share of total researchers (FTE)

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE I.1.4 R&D Intensity, 2009 and R&D Intensity target for 2020

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE I.2.1 GERD and R&D Intensity - Change between 2008 and 2009

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE I.2.2 Government budget appropriations or outlays for R&D (GBAORD)
- Growth and as % of GDP, 2007-2010

  2.4 MB

 N/A 

TABLE I.2.3 Public expenditure on R&D (GOVERD plus HERD) and Public sector R&D Intensity change between 2008 and 2009

  3.0 MB

 N/A 

TABLE I.2.4 BERD and BERD Intensity - Change between 2008 and 2009

  2.9 MB

 N/A 

TABLE I.4.1 Tertiary graduates - Total ISCED 5 and Science and Engineering,
2000 and 2008

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE I.4.2 Tertiary graduates - Total ISCED 6 and Science and Engineering,
2000 and 2008

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE I.4.3 EU - Human Resources in Science and Technology by sub-group,
R&D personnel and researchers, 2009

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE I.4.4 Total researchers (FTE) and business enterprise researchers (FTE),
2000 and 2008

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE I.5.1Evolution of structural change and business R&D Intensity in Germany, France and the United Kingdom, 1995-2006

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE I.5.2 Evolution of the R&D Intensity of high-tech and medium-high-tech industrial sectors in Germany, France and the United Kingdom, 1995-2006

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE I.5.3 Evolution of the R&D intensity of the most important R&D performing industries in each country

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE I.5.4 Evolution of the share in value added of the most important R&D
performing industries in each country

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE I.5.5 ICT BERD as % of GDP, size of the ICT sector in the economy
and ICT R&D Intensity, 2007

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

TABLE I.6.1 Scientific publications

  2.4 MB

 N/A 

TABLE I.6.2 R&D expenditure (euro) per researcher (FTE) in the public and private sectors

  2.3 MB

 N/A 

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