The principal task of the ERIC is to establish and operate a research infrastructure on a non-economic basis. An ERIC may carry out limited economic activities related to its principal task. ERIC can be used for establishing new research infrastructures or for operating existing research infrastructures.
An ERIC must at all times have at least one Member State and two other countries that are either Member States or associated countries as members.
The ERIC decides on procedures for accepting new members.
Member States and associated countries must hold jointly the majority of the voting rights in the assembly of members.
A State may be represented by one or more public entities or private entities with a public-service mission, e.g. research organisations or research councils.
The statutory seat must be located in an EU Member State or in an associated country.
The members must agree on the governance structure of the ERIC in the statutes. The minimum governing bodies required by the ERIC Regulation are an assembly of members, as the body with decision-making powers, and a director (or board of directors) as the executive body.
Being considered as an international organisation within the meaning of the directive on public procurement (Directive 2004/18/EC and Directive 2014/24/EC) , an ERIC may adopt its own procurement rules based on transparency, non-discrimination and competition.
An ERIC must be recognised by the host Member State as an international body within the meaning of directive 2006/112/EC on VAT and as an international organisation within the meaning of Directive 2008/118/EC on excise duty. Associated countries, third countries other than associated countries and international organisations must give the same recognition to the ERIC of which they become members.
Exemptions may apply to goods or services acquired by the ERIC for the official use of the ERIC. Definition of the scope, limits and conditions of the exemption may be part of the statutes or contained in a separate agreement among the members or with the host State.