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Solar eruptions release huge amounts of energetic particle radiation. While most of these events will only affect satellites and other spacecraft, particularly large eruptions will also make themselves felt on Earth-in aviation and radio communication, for example. The EU-funded SEPServer project has developed a web-based tool to help scientists investigate solar energetic particles (SEP) and their origin.
Published: 12 May 2015
Powerful modelling tools developed by European researchers have been commercialised to provide forecasting services for coastal sea conditions in Europe and beyond. Applications range from storm forecasts for beach and coastal defence management to efficient route planning for shipping, and contingency planning for oil spills.
Published: 9 March 2015
A European Union (EU)-funded project has developed a new satellite-based system to collect and disseminate information on volcanoes worldwide. Monitoring and studying active volcanoes on the ground can be difficult, dangerous or even impossible, particularly during an eruption. Without these accurate, real-time measurements, scientists cannot fully assess the hazards posed by lava flows and clouds of gases and ash.
Published: 18 November 2014
The EU-funded DORIS project has developed highly accurate uses for newly available Earth-observation satellite technologies to monitor and warn of potential ground movements, such as landslides, which could save billions in clean-up costs and thousands of lives. With predicted strong market demand, the technologies look set to have a long-term and sustainable impact across Europe.
Published: 14 November 2014
More than 10,000 asteroids and comets are within striking distance of the Earth. An asteroid as small as 50 metres wide that penetrates the atmosphere could damage an entire city or part of a country. To prevent such a possible disaster, a European Union (EU)-funded project, NEOShield, is studying ways to deflect an incoming asteroid or destroy it before it has a chance to collide with the Earth.
Published: 14 October 2014
Climate forecasts depend in particular on precise information - not only to estimate how living conditions on Earth may change, but also how humanity will have to adapt to these changes. A European Union (EU)-funded project, MACC, has developed an innovative system to collect and coordinate precise information to aid in these climate forecasts.
Published: 16 September 2014
Armstrong, Aldrin, Gagarin all giants in space exploration. US scientist Gary Stutte may not be in this league, but in the world of 'space agriculture', he is a legend. His work on hydroponics and how crops adapt and grow in controlled environments - such as space - fills volumes. Now, thanks to an EU exchange programme, he has shared his expertise with European scientists.
Published: 8 August 2014
In addition to the psychological impact and the negative effects of weightlessness on bones and muscles, astronauts also face potentially dangerous levels of radiation in space. With manned missions to Mars nearing reality, a European Union (EU)-funded project, HAMLET, has developed a new technique to better predict the health risks, such as cancer and organ damage, associated with extended space travel.
Published: 5 August 2014
Many children dream of becoming an astronaut, yet only a few ever see that dream realised. That may soon change, thanks to the European Union (EU)-funded project, Future High-Altitude High-Speed Transport 20XX (FAST20XX). Run by a European consortium, which was led by the European Space Agency (ESA), the project investigated and developed technologies to conquer the grey zone between aeronautics and space in Europe.
Published: 2 May 2014
‘There is nothing worse than forgetting', or so the saying goes. But the new ‘Science and Memory' special edition of RTD info, the EU's flagship research magazine, adds its own special touches to this. We learn that science is embedded in culture and history and about the nuts and bolts of memory – and that the Universe, human evolution and animal DNA tell us more about the relationship between memory and science.
NB: This article is more than 4 years old so the information may not be up to date.
Published: 29 April 2005