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Thriving settlements on Mars, mining operations on the moon, exploration teams heading out into the universe - humankind may one day be able to establish a presence far beyond its home planet. The EU-funded SR2S project strives to remove one of the main obstacles by developing a magnetic shield to protect astronauts from radiation in deep space.
Published: 18 May 2015
Solar eruptions release huge amounts of energetic particle radiation. While most of these events will only affect satellites and other spacecraft, particularly large eruptions will also make themselves felt on Earth-in aviation and radio communication, for example. The EU-funded SEPServer project has developed a web-based tool to help scientists investigate solar energetic particles (SEP) and their origin.
Published: 12 May 2015
For years, the European Space Agency (ESA) has been studying the Earth's magnetosphere - a 'bubble' in which the Earth's magnetic field is present. Huge amounts of supporting data have been gathered. EU-funded researchers have made this data available in an easy-to-use, open-access format, giving scientists the information they need to improve space weather forecasting - important for protecting European satellite and ground-based infrastructure.
Published: 9 February 2015
Scientists in Italy are working on creating robots that mimic the properties of plant roots, including the capacity for growth. They believe the potential future applications are not just the stuff of science-fiction.
Published: 29 January 2015
Published: 21 January 2015
Chemists can help create a wide range of plastics from polymers, which are large molecule strings made of repeated sub-units. When chemists come up with a new idea for a plastic, it can sometimes involve a trial-and-error process of mixing elements in the laboratory. To assist with this, the European Union (EU)-funded NANOPOLY research fellows have developed a new software tool to model the polymer molecules on a nano-scale.
Published: 17 November 2014
Solar flares can strongly influence life on Earth-causing power outages, disrupting radio communication and airplane navigation, and posing potential threats to astronauts and spacecraft. The European Union (EU)-funded project HESPE has developed advanced techniques to better understand these cosmic events in order to anticipate their effects.
Published: 26 September 2014
Access to biological resources such as cells and tissue samples is the lifeblood of biomedical research. Biobanks and biomolecular resource centres collect, store and distribute this material, the related data and powerful analytical tools, but none of them can single-handedly meet the growing, diverse needs of Europe's research community. EU funding has enabled major repositories to link up and share these resources.
Published: 22 September 2014
An elixir of eternal youth may be the stuff of legend and beyond the reach of humans, but it is not such a fantasy in the world of art restoration, thanks to pioneering work being carried out in a project in the Italian city of Florence.
Published: 2 September 2014
The classical notion of trajectory in physics has its foundation in common sense: the position and the velocity of an object can be predicted by computations and measured at a given time. As opposed to the classical universe, the behaviour of elementary particles is elusive. Only the probabilities of physical events can be predicted. These probabilities are sums of all possible trajectories of the quantum system from the initial to the final state.
Published: 31 July 2014