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Thoroughly analysing the vibrations made by a machine can help diagnose its mechanical state of health. In Turin, Italy, a European research project aims to understand the vibrations made by machine tools. The idea is to use the data gathered by a network of sensors to forecast and therefore prevent breakdowns.
Published: 11 December 2014
Published: 27 November 2014
An EU-funded project has mapped the possible outcomes of upcoming global negotiations to curb greenhouse gas emissions-from success to failure. The project's work aims to help leaders achieve a new global pact on how to limit global warming to agreed targets-good for the environment and our future well-being.
Published: 7 November 2014
The EU-funded AMPERE project has analysed various projected scenarios on climate change and its effects on society and found that taking action sooner rather than later reduces the costs of mitigation.
Published: 4 November 2014
Although home to 18% of the global population-around 1.15 billion people-India only has around 4% of the world's fresh water resources. With climate change and urbanisation increasing the pressure on a scarce resource, an EU-funded project's improvement of natural water treatment systems couldn't come at a better time.
Published: 29 September 2014
In a time of climate change, when fuel resources are under pressure and lands face potential erosion risks, humble grass seems an unlikely saviour. The European research project OPTIMA is helping cultivate high-yielding perennial grasses that could address these possible challenges, offering a number of valuable environmental and economic benefits.
Published: 11 June 2014
The Kyoto Protocol was one of the first major international treaties that focused on human caused climate change. Signed in 1997 by 192 countries, it came into effect in 2005 with a set of legal requirements for industrialised nations to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. One aspect of the Protocol is the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), which enables developed nations to reach their emissions targets by sponsoring emissions-reducing projects in the CDM countries - namely China, India, Brazil and most of Africa.
Published: 12 May 2014
In India, 30% of urban and 90% of rural households are entirely dependent on untreated surface or groundwater. In addition, the vast majority of the country's population is affected by severe water scarcity, waterborne diseases and excessive levels of fluoride, nitrates, iron and arsenic in available water, which can cause severe health disorders. There is thus an urgent need for effective and safe water supply systems for the country's inhabitants.
Published: 29 October 2013
We human beings breathe oxygen to live. But oxygen is also part of a class of materials - transition metal oxides - which have excited academics and industry alike. Little is understood of their properties. EU-funded researchers, led by Trinity College Dublin, are keen to change that. The team has developed modelling tools for investigating the behaviour of potential micro- and nanoelectronic devices using transition metal oxides.
Published: 11 June 2013
Millions of people in the Ganges basin depend on water resources from melting snow and ice as well as from monsoon rainfall. However, developments such as retreating glaciers, changing monsoon patterns, and declining groundwater levels coupled with increasing population and enhanced water demand for irrigation are likely to place water resources under considerable stress.
Published: 4 April 2013