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Published: 25 November 2014
Understanding the cell changes associated with cancer will provide vital clues for both detecting and treating the disease. The EU-funded GlycoBioM project is contributing with tools to pinpoint disease indicators. And three years into the project, the team has already come up with a method to reduce false-positive cancer diagnoses.
Published: 7 August 2014
Increasing pressures on Europe's marine and coastal areas, particularly around the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, highlight the need for these areas to become more resilient to human activities and natural change. There is a large scientific research effort already underway to identify some of the environmental baselines, but the challenge now lies in turning that knowledge into effective decision-making.
Published: 24 July 2014
Compared to smaller vessels, the largest container ships afloat are likelier to pick up vibrations caused by waves. These vibrations can cause structural damage, potentially endangering lives. This difference must be taken into account when new ultra-large container ships (ULCSs) are built. EU-funded research has charted a course towards safer ship design.
Published: 4 July 2014
Rising air pollution has been a concern for governments, business and environment campaigners for some time. Until very recently, little attention was given to the accelerator effects of climate change on nitrogen and ozone air pollution, and their consequences for Europe's ecosystems.
Published: 3 July 2014
A clear understanding of how environmental factors can affect historical buildings and structures is vital for their long-term conservation. To date, monitoring systems have focused on a limited range of environmental pressures, such as air pollution and temperature, but the system designed and commercialised by the European Union (EU)-funded SMooHS project widens the range of factors monitored and analysed, thus allowing better protective measures to be taken.
Published: 16 June 2014
The Kyoto Protocol was one of the first major international treaties that focused on human caused climate change. Signed in 1997 by 192 countries, it came into effect in 2005 with a set of legal requirements for industrialised nations to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. One aspect of the Protocol is the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), which enables developed nations to reach their emissions targets by sponsoring emissions-reducing projects in the CDM countries - namely China, India, Brazil and most of Africa.
Published: 12 May 2014
Published: 1 April 2014
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is one of the most abundant toxins that contaminates food and is deemed to be a 'health risk' by experts. OTA suppresses the immune system and can even cause various forms of cancer in both humans and animals. The EU-funded project OTASENS stemmed from the need to closely check and analyse food, beverages and feed through efficient, reliable and rapid analytical methods. The project team developed a quick, cheap and environmentally friendly pre-industrial photo-sensor device for the rapid detection of toxins such as OTA in wine, beer and cereals.
Published: 27 November 2013
Whether we like it or not, chemicals are a major part of life. We accept them as a necessary element of modern existence. But what are the long-term effects of chemical exposure on human health? Is there a point at which we may be exposed to more substances than we can physically tolerate?
Published: 26 November 2013