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Today, the shipping industry finds itself in a sea of change. New international standards require vessels to reduce air pollution, meaning fewer emissions. It's a challenge for builders as altering a ship's power can sacrifice safety. How can the industry ensure that marine vessels remain safe while cutting emissions? A shipyard in Croatia is helping scientists to improve maritime transport.
Published: 7 March 2017
Technology relies on new ideas. And in recent decades, there has been an explosion of new ideas about materials just a fraction of the size of a human hair. Nanomaterials - materials on the scale of nanometres - promise to improve and even revolutionise products from electricity cables to personal electronics to solar panels.
Published: 9 February 2017
Loud neighbours, traffic, and even trains - these are the noises of the modern urban neighbourhood. To help nullify this racket, urban planners may soon use 3D audio maps to design streets that absorb noise.
Published: 8 February 2017
Bygone Asian cotton and porcelain trade routes could have spurred the consumption of luxury goods in Europe, researchers believe, while scientific cooperation with modern Asia is still leading to new technological advances.
Published: 30 January 2017
Scientists fear that even before one of the last frontiers of exploration, the ocean deep, has been properly studied it will already have been exploited by commercial deep-sea mining looking for rare metal and minerals on the ocean floor, leaving its unique ecosystems badly damaged.
Published: 26 January 2017
Conventional industrial chemical production requires harsh conditions and environmentally unfriendly processes to transform raw materials like crude oil into useful chemicals and plastics. But imagine if nature's own chemical cell factories could turn cheap starting materials such as organic waste leftover from farming or food processing into recyclable components for the chemical industry.
Published: 23 January 2017
In northern Sweden, some 150km inside the Arctic Circle where winter temperatures can fall to -45c, it's thaw season. Futuris went to meet a group of biologists studying the basic mechanisms used by plants to survive in this challenging ecosystem.And the variety of colours of their flowers is one of those survival mechanisms as pollinating insects are attracted by their colours.
Published: 20 January 2017
EU-funded project SEPCELL will conduct a clinical trial of a stem cell treatment for patients with severe sepsis caused by a severe form of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia. The trial is one of a series of steps in assessing whether the treatment is safe and efficacious for patients with this life-threatening disease.
Published: 5 January 2017
In a fish farm in the west of Scotland around 1,000 tons of salmon are bred every year. Marine biologists think todays European aquaculture can become more imaginative, more profitable, more efficient and more sustainable.
Published: 22 December 2016
The recession, an ash cloud, floods, a food scandal or terrorist attacks; each event is different, but is it possible that they behave in a similar way? Social scientists are identifying characteristics of crises to help us prevent them from happening and respond when they occur.
Published: 6 December 2016