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Is it possible to drive on greener, more resistant truck tyres that consume less fuel? In this edition of Futuris we go on a voyage of discovery into the science of the tyres of the future. Researchers at an EU research project are working here to develop a new generation of truck tyres designed to reduce fuel consumption, be longer-lasting and increase safety.
Published: 17 September 2014
The classical notion of trajectory in physics has its foundation in common sense: the position and the velocity of an object can be predicted by computations and measured at a given time. As opposed to the classical universe, the behaviour of elementary particles is elusive. Only the probabilities of physical events can be predicted. These probabilities are sums of all possible trajectories of the quantum system from the initial to the final state.
Published: 31 July 2014
Imagine you are ill and see the doctor. After a brief examination and blood analysis, you receive an efficient, personalised treatment that is adjusted to both your personal physiological makeup and your lifestyle. What sounds like science fiction today could soon come closer to reality with the help of the FP7 project CASyM, funded by the European Union.
Published: 25 July 2014
A large number of engineering applications involve granular material or a particulate phase in combination with a gaseous or liquid phase. Applications for this kind of materials mix can be found in diverse domains such as the pharmaceutical industry, the food and processing industry, energy production or systems biology. Everyday products such as coffee, corn flakes, nuts or fertilizer all depend on this field of knowledge known as multi-physics.
Published: 24 July 2014
EU Member States have the obligation to collect and treat domestic and industrial wastewater from urban areas under the Urban Wastewater Directive. This mandatory treatment is very costly, thus it is important to re-use the by-products thereby.
Published: 10 June 2014
DECIDE stands for 'Diagnostic Enhancement of Confidence by an International Distributed Environment'. This FP7 project brought together 13 partners from five European countries, with the Italian GARR Institute as leading partner. Its aim was to develop and launch an e-service that allows the early diagnosis of Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases.
Published: 6 June 2014
Stroke is the most common neurological disease. It is also the most common cause of life-long impairment in adulthood and of institutionalisation, implying a change from a self-determined, independent life to extensive or complete dependence on others.
Published: 27 May 2014
While nuclear medicine (specialty involving the application of radioactive substances in the diagnosis and treatment of disease) and interventional radiology may give doctors life-saving technology to diagnose and treat diseases, the radiation emitted from the machines and systems could lead to some risks for the doctors.
Published: 21 May 2014
A range of safety and environmental issues are associated with lithium-ion batteries, including the potential risk of sudden explosions when used in electric vehicles and the disposal of toxic materials. To address these issues, the European Union (EU)-funded SOMABAT project developed innovative strategies for producing lithium-polymer batteries that are cleaner, safer and better performing than conventional lithium-ion batteries.
Published: 26 February 2014
The project team developed the first software-based decision-support tool for the building design and construction sector that offers results and a rating system for specific buildings as well as references to building accessibility requirements.
Published: 28 January 2014