Tick (check) box to add article to PDF "basket"
Published: 25 November 2014
T-cells are white blood cells that circulate in the body, scanning for cellular abnormalities and infections. Sometimes the detecting process goes awry and the T-cells mistakenly attack the body's own cells, which occur in autoimmune diseases, or they ignore harmful cells like cancer.
Published: 24 November 2014
Although Europe's air quality has improved over the last 25 years, pollution is still prominent - particularly in cities. Cleaning the air is more difficult than before, as most people can no longer smell or see the pollution. However, the European Union (EU)-funded research project CITI-SENSE is harnessing novel technologies to detect contaminated air and share the data in real- time.
Published: 24 November 2014
Chemists can help create a wide range of plastics from polymers, which are large molecule strings made of repeated sub-units. When chemists come up with a new idea for a plastic, it can sometimes involve a trial-and-error process of mixing elements in the laboratory. To assist with this, the European Union (EU)-funded NANOPOLY research fellows have developed a new software tool to model the polymer molecules on a nano-scale.
Published: 17 November 2014
An EU-funded project brought together industry and scientists to develop pioneering ways for industrial robots to be more accurate, significantly reducing the time and cost of machining processes. Software and know-how from the project is already generating new business for Europe's robotic industry.
Published: 14 November 2014
Crab is a culinary delicacy most of which ends up in the bin. In this edition of Futuris we look at the uses can we find for the hundreds of thousands of tons of crab shells thrown away by European consumers every year.
Published: 5 November 2014
The sea is naturally self-cleaning because most pollution is eaten by microorganisms living in the water. But that process takes time. Too much time, because as the tourist season is beginning in the Mediterranean, the coastlines can be damaged at any time by shipping accidents resulting in oil spills which are difficult to remove from the surface of the water.
Published: 1 October 2014
Dementia is a group of degenerative diseases typically affecting the cognitive abilities of the elderly population. According to the World Health Organization, the estimated proportion of the general population aged 60 and over with dementia at a given time is between 2 to 8 per 100 people. Currently, there is no cure and, with rising numbers of elderly people, there is a pressing need for funding in dementia research.
Published: 19 September 2014
An elixir of eternal youth may be the stuff of legend and beyond the reach of humans, but it is not such a fantasy in the world of art restoration, thanks to pioneering work being carried out in a project in the Italian city of Florence.
Published: 2 September 2014
They may sound exotic or obscure to most of us, but they are an integral part of our everyday lives, whether we know about them or not. Known as perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), they are chemical compounds which are used in a wide variety of industrial products, from food and drink packaging to fire-fighting foams, to dirt- or water-proofing treatments for carpets or clothing. The drawback is that these chemicals have now spread throughout the environment.
Published: 29 July 2014