Precision laser pulses to drive light-matter innovations

An EU-funded project has led cutting-edge research into how light interacts with matter, developing new technologies and techniques to push the boundaries of photonics and laser science.

Countries
Countries
  Algeria
  Argentina
  Australia
  Austria
  Bangladesh
  Belarus
  Belgium
  Benin
  Bolivia
  Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Brazil
  Bulgaria
  Burkina Faso
  Cambodia
  Cameroon
  Canada
  Cape Verde
  Chile
  China
  Colombia
  Costa Rica
  Croatia
  Cyprus
  Czechia
  Denmark
  Ecuador
  Egypt
  Estonia
  Ethiopia
  Faroe Islands
  Finland
  France
  French Polynesia
  Georgia

Countries
Countries
  Algeria
  Argentina
  Australia
  Austria
  Bangladesh
  Belarus
  Belgium
  Benin
  Bolivia
  Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Brazil
  Bulgaria
  Burkina Faso
  Cambodia
  Cameroon
  Canada
  Cape Verde
  Chile
  China
  Colombia
  Costa Rica
  Croatia
  Cyprus
  Czechia
  Denmark
  Ecuador
  Egypt
  Estonia
  Ethiopia
  Faroe Islands
  Finland
  France
  French Polynesia
  Georgia


  Infocentre

Published: 23 August 2019  
Related theme(s) and subtheme(s)
Innovation
Research policyHorizon 2020
Science in societyFuture science & technology
Countries involved in the project described in the article
Austria  |  Denmark  |  France  |  Germany  |  Greece  |  Italy  |  Sweden
Add to PDF "basket"

Precision laser pulses to drive light-matter innovations

Image of chalcogenide glass in a heand

© science photo - fotolia.com

Updated on 23 August 2019

The MEDEA project has achieved important innovations in laser development, demonstrating advanced solutions for the generation of ultra-short, high-repetition rate and high average power laser systems that could lead to future breakthrough applications in medicine, materials science and industry.

‘The most innovative aspect of these new developments is the ability to control the precise form of the electric field of laser pulses,’ says scientific coordinator Giuseppe Sansone, a professor of physics at Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg, Germany. ‘Controlling the electric field is important because it is the precise electric field evolution that drives light-matter interaction at high intensities. We have now extended these precision control techniques to laser sources presenting very different characteristics.’

The interaction between light and matter is fundamental to many modern technologies, from life-saving medical imaging systems to precision laser manufacturing and high-speed optical communications. The work conducted in MEDEA, which focused on ultra-short light sources in the mid-infrared to extreme ultraviolet range of the light spectrum, will help advance those technologies, while driving further research into novel applications and potentially leading to the development of new devices enabling more precise control of electric fields.

Unprecedented temporal scales

The project achieved the first demonstration of coherent control of electronic wave packets exposed to high-intensity extreme ultraviolet fields and attosecond – one quintillionth of a second – pulses. The team was also able to observe the birth of an attosecond electronic wave packet in an atom – an achievement that Sansone says will enable new techniques to observe and eventually control electronic wave packets at unprecedented temporal scales.

‘In the long term, we can envisage that some of the techniques and proof-of-concept experiments demonstrated within the MEDEA project will trigger investigations for the control of electronic processes in increasingly complex materials,’ Sansone says.

The various solutions developed within MEDEA constitute an important step in new product development for several partner companies, while training initiatives have helped support the career development of 17 young and early stage researchers.

MEDEA, which received funding from the EU’s Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions programme, has promoted its activities extensively across the scientific community and among the general public, developing a Photonic Explorer Kit to encourage the exploration of photonics and laser science among secondary school pupils across Europe.

Project details

  • Project acronym: MEDEA
  • Participants: Italy (Coordinator), Germany, Belgium, Italy, Spain, United Kingdom, Sweden, Denmark, France, Greece, Austria
  • Project N°: 641789
  • Total costs: € 3 896 869
  • EU contribution: € 3 896 869
  • Duration: January 2015 to December 2018

See also

 

Convert article(s) to PDF

No article selected


loading


Search articles

Notes:
To restrict search results to articles in the Information Centre, i.e. this site, use this search box rather than the one at the top of the page.

After searching, you can expand the results to include the whole Research and Innovation web site, or another section of it, or all Europa, afterwards without searching again.

Please note that new content may take a few days to be indexed by the search engine and therefore to appear in the results.

Print Version
Share this article
See also
Project website
Project details