New technologies claiming to protect pedestrians and cyclists in the event of a collision are being developed all the time. They could reduce pedestrian fatalities by 15-20%. But how do we know which systems are effective? How can we compare them? An EU-funded project drew up harmonised test and assessment procedures for pedestrian safety systems.
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The ASPECSS system looks at likely pedestrian injury and calculates how this would be reduced by autonomous emergency braking, or by the design of the front of the car (known as passive safety protection).
The project’s assessment methodology had to be applicable for the most common types of accident involving pedestrians and vehicles. The team therefore identified the most common accident scenarios for testing the methodology – such as a pedestrian crossing at a junction from the nearside, while a vehicle is turning across traffic.
In addition to a methodology for testing integrated pedestrian safety systems, ASPECSS also produced specifications for test targets, test tools and test procedures used to test autonomous emergency braking systems.