Navigation path

Themes
Agriculture & food
Energy
Environment
ERA-NET
Health & life sciences
Human resources & mobility
Industrial research
Information society
Innovation
International cooperation
Nanotechnology
Pure sciences
Research infrastructures
Research policy
Science & business
Science in society
Security
SMEs
Social sciences and humanities
Space
Special Collections
Transport

Countries
Countries
  Argentina
  Australia
  Austria
  Belarus
  Belgium
  Benin
  Botswana
  Brazil
  Bulgaria
  Cameroon
  Canada
  Chile
  China
  Colombia
  Croatia
  Cyprus
  Czech Republic
  Denmark
  Egypt
  Estonia
  Finland
  France
  Georgia
  Germany
  Ghana
  Greece
  Hungary
  Iceland
  India
  Ireland
  Israel
  Italy
  Japan
  Kazakhstan
  Kenya
  Korea
  Latvia
  Lichtenstein
  Lithuania
  Luxembourg
  Madagascar
  Malta
  Mexico
  Montenegro
  Morocco
  Namibia
  Netherlands
  Nigeria
  Norway
  Peru
  Poland
  Portugal
  Romania
  Russia
  Senegal
  Serbia
  Slovakia
  Slovenia
  South Africa
  Spain
  Swaziland
  Sweden
  Switzerland
  Taiwan
  Tanzania
  Tunisia
  Turkey
  Uganda
  Ukraine
  United Kingdom
  United States


   Infocentre

Last Update: 11-08-2014  
Related category(ies):
International cooperation  |  Environment

 

Countries involved in the project described in the article:
Belgium  |  Greece  |  Italy  |  Netherlands  |  Tunisia  |  Turkey
Add to PDF "basket"

Early detection of fires to protect cultural sites

Fires can have a devastating impact on invaluable archaeological and cultural sites. These areas are often at greater risk of fires because they are commonly surrounded by vegetation or situated close to forest regions. Early detection, however, can significantly reduce the potential damage fires cause.

Photo of Parthenon on the Acropolis

© Pakhnyushchyy - Fotolia

Detection systems to date have failed to overcome the problem of false alarms and can thus be unreliable. The European Union (EU)-funded FIRESENSE project created a new monitoring system, which integrates different types of sensors (video cameras, infrared cameras, temperature and humidity wireless sensor networks and meteorological stations) to detect smoke and fire. The system increases fire detection rates, reduces the number of false alarms and improves the quality of information that fire services receive.

The novel system was devised by the Information Technologies Institute of the Centre for Research and Technology Hellas (in Thessaloniki, Greece) in cooperation with Bilkent University in Ankara (Turkey) and other partners including Xenics, a Belgian manufacturer of high-quality infrared cameras.

The project team also drew on the expertise of CWI, a Dutch research centre with experience in multimodal data fusion, the Higher School of Communications of Tunis (Sup’Com, Tunisia), the Bogazici University (Turkey) with experience on Wireless Sensor Networks and TITAN, a Turkish company that provides safety and security services for buildings, as well as the National Research Council of Italy, which has know-how in fuel model estimation, and the IX Ephorate for Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities of the Hellenic Ministry of Culture and Sports in Greece.

“We already had experts in wireless sensor networks as well as video/infrared-based fire detection, so the emphasis was put on integrating the different technologies. We also developed additional software for fire propagation estimation and visualisation,” says project coordinator Dr Nikos Grammalidis of the Centre for Research and Technology Hellas, Greece.

The system detects fire and estimates how the fire will spread based on the amount and type of ‘fuel’ for the fire in the area and other important parameters such as local weather conditions and ground morphology. Additionally, a 3D Geographic Information System (GIS) environment provides a visual image of the likely spread of the fire.

False alarms occur due to the reflection of the sun or temperature variations in the environment which may trick sensors. Moving objects with similar colours to fire also present a challenge. The FIRESENSE system overcomes most of these difficulties by using advanced signal and image processing algorithms and by combining information from different sensors.

Furthermore, in case of an alarm, the manual operator can always set the system to a ‘manual mode’ in order to zoom in on the picture and examine the situation in real-time in further detail. “However, although significant progress was made, some more work and fine-tuning is needed to further reduce false alarms and create a fire detection product ready for market,” explains Dr Grammalidis.

The system was tested in five sites of archaeological and cultural interest in Greece, Turkey, Italy and Tunisia – each site having different types of buildings/monuments, vegetation and terrains. The project team worked with forestry experts and local authorities in order to produce improved vegetation maps and apply advanced fire propagation models, taking into account various local constraints in the setup of the system.

The FIRESENSE system is still operational in the archaeological site of ancient Rhodiapolis, near Antalya, Turkey. In fact, the Turkish Bilkent University owns some patents on the system. Moreover, the General Directorate of Forestry of Turkey is also using the new system.

 

Project details

  • Project acronym: FIRESENSE
  • Participants: Greece (Coordinator), Netherlands, Turkey, Italy, Tunisia, Belgium
  • Project FP7 272520
  • Total costs: € 3 628 702
  • EU contribution: € 2 697 092
  • Duration: December 2009 - February 2013

Convert article(s) to PDF

No article selected


loading


Search articles

Notes:
To restrict search results to articles in the Information Centre, i.e. this site, use this search box rather than the one at the top of the page.

After searching, you can expand the results to include the whole Research and Innovation web site, or another section of it, or all Europa, afterwards without searching again.

Please note that new content may take a few days to be indexed by the search engine and therefore to appear in the results.

Print Version
Share this article
See also
Project web site
Project information on CORDIS






  Top   Research Information Center