Navigation path

Countries
Countries
  Argentina
  Australia
  Austria
  Belarus
  Belgium
  Benin
  Botswana
  Brazil
  Bulgaria
  Burkina Faso
  Cameroon
  Canada
  Chile
  China
  Colombia
  Croatia
  Cyprus
  Czech Republic
  Denmark
  Egypt
  Estonia
  Ethiopia
  Finland
  France
  Gambia
  Georgia
  Germany
  Ghana
  Greece
  Hungary
  Iceland
  India
  Indonesia
  Ireland
  Israel
  Italy
  Jamaica
  Japan
  Kazakhstan
  Kenya
  Korea
  Latvia
  Lichtenstein
  Lithuania
  Luxembourg
  Madagascar
  Malaysia
  Malta
  Mexico
  Montenegro
  Morocco
  Mozambique
  Namibia
  Netherlands
  New Zealand
  Nigeria
  Norway
  Panama
  Peru
  Poland
  Portugal
  Romania
  Russia
  Senegal
  Serbia
  Slovakia
  Slovenia
  South Africa
  Spain
  Sri Lanka
  Swaziland
  Sweden
  Switzerland
  Taiwan
  Tanzania
  Thailand
  Tunisia
  Turkey
  Uganda
  Ukraine
  United Kingdom
  United States
  Vietnam

Themes
Agriculture & food
Energy
Environment
ERA-NET
Health & life sciences
Human resources & mobility
Industrial research
Information society
Innovation
International cooperation
Nanotechnology
Pure sciences
Research infrastructures
Research policy
Science & business
Science in society
Security
SMEs
Social sciences and humanities
Space
Special Collections
Transport


   Countries

Last Update: 28-10-2013  
Related category(ies):
Human resources & mobility  |  Success stories  |  Environment

 

Countries involved in the project described in the article:
Romania
Add to PDF "basket"

Measuring aerosol damage to the atmosphere

Aerosols have been long known to damage the atmosphere, but it can be hard to quantify the impact, especially in Eastern Europe where data is scarce. A European Union (EU)-funded research project addressed this information gap by measuring atmospheric particulate matter (the fine particles suspended in the air) in north-eastern Romania and studying their chemical composition.

©  Sergey Ash - Fotolia.com

The project was called Intensive Characterisation of Atmospheric Aerosols in the north-eastern Romania at various Urban Sites, or ICAARUS. The project team studied the aerosol chemical composition in the region, gathering more reliable data for model predictions and risk assessments. “Despite strict EU legislation, data for Romania on atmospheric particulate matter had been scarce,” says ICAARUS project coordinator Cecilia Arsene. ICAARUS’s findings were impressive: aerosol levels in north-eastern Romania’s densely populated Iaşi region exceeded World Health Organisation (WHO) recommendations, both in coarse particle (that contain mainly natural compounds) and fine particle (that contain mainly compounds produced by human activity) fractions, by up to 100%.

Arsene says the high aerosol levels are probably linked to the high rate of various pulmonary diseases registered at the Clinic of Pulmonary Diseases in Iaşi. These include cases like chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD), pneumonia, asthma (allergy, rhinitis), bronchiectasis (sometimes associated with bacterial infection) and tuberculosis often detected in the area.

The analysis carried out during the project revealed the complexity of the chemistry of atmospheric aerosols, which involves inter-particle interaction, particularly under certain weather conditions. The project team also found that the pollution and dust in the region could be due to air masses arriving from Ukraine, Belorussia, Russia, Bulgaria, Greece, and Turkey.

Arsene says the project results could act as a reference point for Eastern Europe, giving policymakers the technical know-how to take better-informed decisions. “I hope it will contribute to helping tackle these problems,” she says.

The three-year project was part of the EU’s Marie Curie programme of support for research fellows, and in this case, Arsene was both the project coordinator and the fellow. She says the fellowship helped her secure her current position as Associate Professor in the Department of Chemistry at the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University in Iaşi, Romania.

“As a researcher, you always hope your findings will be disseminated, and this is what happened,” she explains. “It helped when I applied for other projects for further research. The Marie Curie fellowship also gave me a very good basis to continue research in the field of atmospheric chemistry,” she adds.

Arsene was later contacted by other scientists seeking to collaborate on aerosol-related issues, including researchers from the University of Bucharest, Romania and the University of Vienna, Austria. In 2011 Arsene spent a month as a researcher at France’s prestigious Mines de Douai engineering school.

“The Marie Curie grant was the keystone in the evolution of my career from post-doctoral scientist to an independent principal investigator. And I am still working on the research, even though the ICAARUS project ended three years ago,” Arsene concludes.

Project details

  • Project acronym: ICAARUS
  • Participants: Romania
  • Project FP7 203934
  • Total costs: €45 000
  • EU contribution: €45 000
  • Duration: October 2007 - September 2010

Convert article(s) to PDF

No article selected


loading


Search articles

Notes:
To restrict search results to articles in the Information Centre, i.e. this site, use this search box rather than the one at the top of the page.

After searching, you can expand the results to include the whole Research and Innovation web site, or another section of it, or all Europa, afterwards without searching again.

Please note that new content may take a few days to be indexed by the search engine and therefore to appear in the results.

Print Version
Share this article
See also

Project web site
Project information on CORDIS





  Top   Research Information Center