Navigation path

Themes
Agriculture & food
Energy
Environment
ERA-NET
Health & life sciences
Human resources & mobility
Industrial research
Information society
Innovation
International cooperation
Nanotechnology
Pure sciences
Research infrastructures
Research policy
Science & business
Science in society
Security
SMEs
Social sciences and humanities
Space
Special Collections
Transport

Countries
Countries
  Argentina
  Australia
  Austria
  Belarus
  Belgium
  Brazil
  Bulgaria
  Cameroon
  Canada
  China
  Colombia
  Croatia
  Cyprus
  Czech Republic
  Denmark
  Egypt
  Estonia
  Finland
  France
  Georgia
  Germany
  Ghana
  Greece
  Hungary
  Iceland
  India
  Ireland
  Israel
  Italy
  Japan
  Kazakhstan
  Kenya
  Korea
  Latvia
  Lithuania
  Luxembourg
  Malta
  Mexico
  Netherlands
  Nigeria
  Norway
  Peru
  Poland
  Portugal
  Romania
  Russia
  Senegal
  Serbia
  Slovakia
  Slovenia
  South Africa
  Spain
  Swaziland
  Sweden
  Switzerland
  Taiwan
  Tunisia
  Turkey
  Ukraine
  United Kingdom
  United States


   Headlines

Last Update: 21-03-2011  
Related category(ies):
Social sciences and humanities  |  Science in society

 

Add to PDF "basket"

Glove experiment alters right-handers’ moral judgement

Right—handers unconsciously associate good with the right side of a space and bad with the left side. But research carried out by scientists in the US shows that this association can be rapidly changed. The study, published online in the journal Psychological Science, reveals that even a few minutes of using the left hand more fluently than the right can reverse right—handers’ judgements of good and bad, making them think that the left is the 'right side' of space.

Participants wore a bulky ski glove on one hand, with the other glove dangling from the same wrist, while arranging dominoes on a table. Right—handers who wore the glove on their right hand became functionally left—handed, causing them to make good-bad judgements like natural left-handers © MPI
Participants wore a bulky ski glove on one hand, with the other glove dangling from the same wrist, while arranging dominoes on a table. Right-handers who wore the glove on their right hand became functionally left-handed, causing them to make good-bad judgements like natural left-handers
©  MPI

Researchers Daniel Casasanto of the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in the Netherlands and Evangelia Chrysikou from the University of Pennsylvania in the US explained how conceptions of good and bad are rooted in people’s bodily experiences, and can change when patterns of bodily experience change.

In language, positive ideas are linked with the right side of space and negative ideas with the left. For example, it is good to be ‘in the right’, but bad to be ‘out in left field’. In their paper in Psychological Science, the researchers noted that the different connotations of left and right are also visible in various religious texts. They cited, for example, the King James Bible, which states that ‘the wise man’s heart is at his right hand; but the fool’s heart is at his left’ and commented that ‘according to Islamic law, Muslims should use their right hand for eating and drinking because only Satan uses his left’.

In their experiments, when people were asked which of two products to buy, which of two job applicants to hire, or which of two alien creatures looks more intelligent, right—handers tended to choose the product, person, or creature they saw on their right, but most left—handers chose the one on their left. To explain this tendency, Dr Casasanto proposed that people’s conceptions of good and bad depended, in part, on the way they use their hands. ‘People can act more fluently with their dominant hand, and come to unconsciously associate good things with their fluent side of space,’ he suggested.

To test this theory, Dr Casasanto studied how natural right—handers think about good and bad when their right hand is handicapped, either due to brain injury or something less extreme such as wearing a ski glove. They asked stroke patients to complete a task that reveals implicit associations between space and goodness in healthy participants. Their studies revealed that patients who had lost the use of their left hand showed the usual right—is—good pattern. However, those who had lost the use of their right hand following damage to the left-hemisphere of the brain associated good with left, like born left—handers.

The same pattern was found in healthy university students who performed a motor fluency task while wearing a bulky glove on either their left hand — to preserve their right—handedness — or on their right hand, to turn them temporarily into left—handers. After about 12 minutes of lopsided motor experience, the right—gloved participants’ judgements on an unrelated task showed a good—is—left bias, like natural left—handers.

‘This finding does not rule out the possibility that innate neurobiological factors also contribute to the body—specific mappings observed in natural right— and left—handers,’ the researchers admit. ‘But the fact that right—handers’ judgments reversed with long— or short—term changes in motor fluency demonstrates that motor experience is sufficient to determine the direction of space—valence associations, and even to overwhelm any innate predisposition to associate ‘good’ with one’s naturally dominant side.'

‘People generally think their judgements are rational, and their concepts are stable,’ noted Dr Casasanto. ‘But if wearing a glove for a few minutes can reverse people’s usual judgements of what’s good and bad, perhaps the mind is more malleable than we thought.’

The researchers conclude: 'The challenge for future research is to characterise the neurocognitive mechanisms by which physical experience generalises to shape abstract conceptions of good and bad.’


Convert article(s) to PDF

No article selected


loading


Search articles

Notes:
To restrict search results to articles in the Information Centre, i.e. this site, use this search box rather than the one at the top of the page.

After searching, you can expand the results to include the whole Research and Innovation web site, or another section of it, or all Europa, afterwards without searching again.

Please note that new content may take a few days to be indexed by the search engine and therefore to appear in the results.

Print Version
Share this article
See also

Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics
Psychological Science





  Top   Research Information Center