Navigation path

Themes
Agriculture & food
Energy
Environment
ERA-NET
Health & life sciences
Human resources & mobility
Industrial research
Information society
Innovation
International cooperation
Nanotechnology
Pure sciences
Research infrastructures
Research policy
Science & business
Science in society
  Education & popular sciences
  Ethics
  Future science & technology
  Governance
  People in science
  Public opinion
  Science communication
  Science prizes
  Women & science
  Other
Security
SMEs
Social sciences and humanities
Space
Special Collections
Transport

Countries
Countries
  Argentina
  Australia
  Austria
  Belarus
  Belgium
  Brazil
  Bulgaria
  Cameroon
  Canada
  China
  Colombia
  Croatia
  Cyprus
  Czech Republic
  Denmark
  Egypt
  Estonia
  Finland
  France
  Georgia
  Germany
  Greece
  Hungary
  Iceland
  India
  Ireland
  Israel
  Italy
  Japan
  Kazakhstan
  Kenya
  Korea
  Latvia
  Lithuania
  Luxembourg
  Mexico
  Netherlands
  Nigeria
  Norway
  Peru
  Poland
  Portugal
  Romania
  Russia
  Serbia
  Slovakia
  Slovenia
  South Africa
  Spain
  Swaziland
  Sweden
  Switzerland
  Taiwan
  Turkey
  Ukraine
  United Kingdom
  United States


This page was published on 27/01/2009
Published: 27/01/2009

   Headlines

Last Update: 27-01-2009  
Related category(ies):
Science in society

 

Add to PDF "basket"

FEMAGE project investigates the lives of women migrants

The FEMAGE project evaluated how third country immigrant women cope with obstacles and strengthen their economic and social integration in Europe. The project partners assessed the women's experiences, expectations and living conditions over a two-year period. Their results shed new light on the women's experiences of migration and integration and identify the ageing societies. They also raise awareness about how to fuel the women's economic and social integration, as well as their emancipation. The project was funded by the EU under the Sixth Framework Programme with EUR 973 887.

Gruelling work impacts the lives of many migrant women © Shutterstock
Gruelling work impacts the lives of many migrant women
© Shutterstock

The FEMAGE researchers conducted an international comparative analysis to delve into the migration history, life course perspectives, gender roles and ethnicity of the women migrants as well as their expectations about their old age. The results show that the migration of such women has a huge impact on their family lives and gender roles.

FEMAGE used a multi-method approach, conducting 239 interviews with female immigrants from 9 ethnic groups in 8 European countries, and drawing on data from the Population Policy Acceptance Survey (PPA) — which contains information from 21 812 Europeans — to assess what the native population thinks about the migrants and their integration in their host countries. The project also organised one European and eight national focus group discussions on the results of the study. The focus groups consisted of stakeholders, experts and migrants.

According to the researchers, the findings revealed that the destabilisation of family networks occurs frequently, and that women are compelled to adjust their gender role models. Both migrants and natives questioned in the survey said they prefer a 'modern approach towards gender roles and task division'.

The question of ethnicity highlighted the similarities between the different immigrant groups from diverse ethnic backgrounds. All migrant women involved in the study had got into a social, economic, legal or emotional vacuum, the research team said, adding that the women were made to feel inferior because of their gender.

With respect to the women's own ageing perspectives, the partners said social isolation and insufficient labour market participation could trigger a number of problems, including the inability to make serious plans for their old age in the host country.

The analysis indicated that negative views on migration issues in the eight participating countries outweigh the positive ones; this is particularly true for eastern European countries compared with western states. The research also highlighted the fact that native populations are especially concerned about competition with migrants on the labour market.

Furthermore, the results showed that migrant women perceive the native populations in a more positive light, and that they believe the natives perceive them positively as well. Most natives believe that migrants should adapt to the host countries.

The study's findings also underlined the fact that most migrant women aim to become fully integrated in their host countries, and the majority have either become naturalised or plan to do so.

Meanwhile, the focus groups' members said that migrants have an easier time integrating in their host countries thanks to early labour market participation, which also curtails the migrants' long-term dependency on social welfare payments.

According to the experts involved in the study, the benefits of migration and integration must be made more visible to society as a whole. 'There is a need to assist migrant women to foster their independence,' the focus group panellists said. They added that women migrants would benefit from support that promotes their independence and addresses gender-specific issues, such as labour market disadvantages and childcare, which affect both native and migrant women.

The FEMAGE partners said that not only can European institutions and actors play a significant role in defining standards and the framework conditions for effective immigration and integration policies, but the European Parliament and European Commission can help the gender aspects of immigration and integration of women migrants assume a central position in policy formulation.


Convert article(s) to PDF

No article selected


loading


Search articles
To restrict search results to articles in the Information Centre, i.e. this site, use the search box at the top of the page to the right of the menu and then select "Information Centre" in the "Filter by" menu on the results page.

Please note that new content may take a few days to be indexed by the search engine and therefore to appear in the results.

Print Version
Share this article
See also

FEMAGE
Scientific support to policies
'Challenges facing women migrants in the EU'





  Top   Research Information Center