Restoring the genetic diversity of key food crops

The EU-funded project G2P-SOL is gathering, improving and disseminating genetic and phenotypic information on key food crops like potato and tomato. This information can be used in farming to improve the productivity of such crops and provide healthier food.

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  Algeria
  Argentina
  Australia
  Austria
  Bangladesh
  Belarus
  Belgium
  Benin
  Bolivia
  Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Brazil
  Bulgaria
  Burkina Faso
  Cambodia
  Cameroon
  Canada
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Countries
Countries
  Algeria
  Argentina
  Australia
  Austria
  Bangladesh
  Belarus
  Belgium
  Benin
  Bolivia
  Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Brazil
  Bulgaria
  Burkina Faso
  Cambodia
  Cameroon
  Canada
  Cape Verde
  Chile
  China
  Colombia
  Costa Rica
  Croatia
  Cyprus
  Czechia
  Denmark
  Ecuador
  Egypt
  Estonia
  Ethiopia
  Faroe Islands
  Finland
  France
  French Polynesia
  Georgia


 

Published: 17 January 2019  
Related theme(s) and subtheme(s)
Agriculture & food
Information societyInformation technology
International cooperation
Research policyHorizon 2020
Countries involved in the project described in the article
Bulgaria  |  France  |  Germany  |  Israel  |  Italy  |  Netherlands  |  Peru  |  Poland  |  Spain  |  Taiwan  |  Turkey
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Restoring the genetic diversity of key food crops

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© Gina Sanders #100788057 2019, source:stock.adobe.com

Solanaceous plant species include major crops such as potato, tomato, pepper and aubergine. Together, these four foods account for 66 % of the value of European horticultural production, with potatoes providing the staple food for more than 800 million people worldwide.

When undergoing adaptation for human use, Solanaceous plants lose much of their genetic richness and become more sensitive to environmental stresses and damage from bacteria, insects or climate change. The EU-funded G2P-SOL project aims to recover the diversity and increase the productivity, adaptability and nutritional value of potatoes, tomatoes, peppers and aubergines.

To this end, it is cataloguing and improving the information on genetic materials stored in various genebanks and making it widely available on a web-based platform. Genetic relationships, levels of diversity and extent of duplication in the different genebank collections are being assessed and harmonised collections compiled. These cover a wide range of genotype (inherited genetic identity) and phenotype (sets of characteristics observable in individuals) variations for each crop.

Important traits for pathogen, pest and environmental stress resistance, as well as yield- and quality-related traits from wild germplasm (the tissue used for breeding) are being introduced into germplasm adapted to food production.

The resulting material will be distributed to breeders and farmers by a network of seed repositories established under G2P-SOL. Workshops for users will promote application of the material and knowledge in breeding and conservation.

G2P-SOL will improve our understanding of the genetic diversity stored in genebank collections and the value of genetic resources, thereby enhancing their usefulness in improving Solanaceous crops. It will also accelerate the identification and use of the genetic bases of strategically important traits. This will help diversify food production and enhance food security and agricultural sustainability in a changing environment.

Project details

  • Project acronym: G2P-SOL
  • Participants: Italy (Coordinator), Netherlands, UK, Israel, Germany, Spain, France, Poland, Peru, Turkey, Bulgaria, Taiwan
  • Project N°: 677379
  • Total costs: € 6 891 265
  • EU contribution: € 6 891 265
  • Duration: March 2016 to February 2021

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