Reliable climate data to support research

An EU-funded project is bringing insights from metrology - measurement science - to bear on observation of the Earth's climate from space. This could improve understanding of the climate and help predict changes to it, furthering European efforts in this field.

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Countries
Countries
  Algeria
  Argentina
  Australia
  Austria
  Bangladesh
  Belarus
  Belgium
  Benin
  Bolivia
  Brazil
  Bulgaria
  Burkina Faso
  Cambodia
  Cameroon
  Canada
  Cape Verde
  Chile
  China
  Colombia
  Costa Rica
  Croatia
  Cyprus
  Czech Republic
  Denmark
  Ecuador
  Egypt
  Estonia
  Ethiopia
  Faroe Islands
  Finland
  France
  French Polynesia
  Georgia


 

Published: 6 September 2018  
Related theme(s) and subtheme(s)
EnvironmentClimate & global change  |  Earth Observation
Research policyHorizon 2020
Space
Countries involved in the project described in the article
Belgium  |  Germany  |  Portugal  |  United Kingdom
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Reliable climate data to support research

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© itestro #11704751, 2018 fotolia.com

Fundamental climate data records (FCDRs) are long-term sensor records that have been improved and checked over time. They provide underlying datasets from which climate data records (CDRs) - which deal with geophysical aspects of climate - are generated.

Using metrology-based approaches and satellite climate data covering periods of over 20 years, the EU-funded FIDUCEO project has developed new versions of four FCDRs, each relating to a different Earth observation instrument.

As no observation is ever perfectly accurate, the FCDRs include traceable information for estimating the stability of the datasets, or their accuracy over time, and taking account of any uncertainties. This level of rigour, which is supported by the creation of accompanying software analysis tools, helps ensure their wide-ranging scientific utility.

Based on information from the FCDRs, FIDUCEO has generated five CDRs. They relate to humidity in the upper part of the lowest layer of the Earth's atmosphere; sea surface temperature; lake surface temperature; the amount of solar radiation received by the Earth that it reflects back; and the degree to which aerosols - solids or liquids suspended in the air, such as dust or fog - prevent transmission of light.

Like the FCDRs, the CDRs include uncertainty and stability information and are expected to provide a basis for further understanding and predicting changes to climate.

All project data, software and methods are openly accessible. Dissemination efforts include creation of e-learning modules, liaison with other relevant programmes and the organisation of workshops.

Project details

  • Project acronym: FIDUCEO
  • Participants: United Kingdom (Coordinator), Germany, Belgium, Portugal
  • Project N°: 638822
  • Total costs: € 5 497 798
  • EU contribution: € 5 497 798
  • Duration: March 2015 to August 2019

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