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Solar flares can strongly influence life on Earth-causing power outages, disrupting radio communication and airplane navigation, and posing potential threats to astronauts and spacecraft. The European Union (EU)-funded project HESPE has developed advanced techniques to better understand these cosmic events in order to anticipate their effects.
Published: 26 September 2014
Climate forecasts depend in particular on precise information - not only to estimate how living conditions on Earth may change, but also how humanity will have to adapt to these changes. A European Union (EU)-funded project, MACC, has developed an innovative system to collect and coordinate precise information to aid in these climate forecasts.
Published: 16 September 2014
Published: 25 August 2014
Armstrong, Aldrin, Gagarin all giants in space exploration. US scientist Gary Stutte may not be in this league, but in the world of 'space agriculture', he is a legend. His work on hydroponics and how crops adapt and grow in controlled environments - such as space - fills volumes. Now, thanks to an EU exchange programme, he has shared his expertise with European scientists.
Published: 8 August 2014
In addition to the psychological impact and the negative effects of weightlessness on bones and muscles, astronauts also face potentially dangerous levels of radiation in space. With manned missions to Mars nearing reality, a European Union (EU)-funded project, HAMLET, has developed a new technique to better predict the health risks, such as cancer and organ damage, associated with extended space travel.
Published: 5 August 2014
Around 50 million EU citizens are deaf or hard of hearing. The EU-funded NANOEAR project has built up knowledge and processes that could improve their ability to hear. The results include a novel nanoparticle-based system with the potential to restore hearing, repair tissue and increase performance of cochlear implants. A nano-hearing implant could be available within 10 years.
Published: 11 July 2014
Many children dream of becoming an astronaut, yet only a few ever see that dream realised. That may soon change, thanks to the European Union (EU)-funded project, Future High-Altitude High-Speed Transport 20XX (FAST20XX). Run by a European consortium, which was led by the European Space Agency (ESA), the project investigated and developed technologies to conquer the grey zone between aeronautics and space in Europe.
Published: 2 May 2014
Peering into the very depths of the universe gives scientists a better understanding of its origins. Since the speed of light is finite, the objects we are seeing are from the distant past. A recently completed EU-funded project developed not only a new means of measuring these cosmic distances, but also discovered galaxies at the point of their creation.
Published: 2 April 2014
The phenomenon of collisions in the history of our solar system is very fundamental, having played the major role in forming the planets we observe today. Asteroids and comets may have contributed to the delivery of water and organic materials to the early Earth necessary for the development of life, but later impacts probably played a role in mass extinctions and they currently pose a small but significant threat to the future of our civilization. Collisions of objects with the Earth have taken place frequently over geological history and it is an undeniable fact that major collisions of asteroids and comets with the Earth will continue to occur at irregular, unpredictable intervals in the future.
Published: 24 February 2014
The discoveries of pioneers such as Columbus, da Gama, and Cook led to transportation across oceans and this paved the way for large scale human settlements on new continents. Similar to the trans-Atlantic boats of the past, advanced space transportation systems will take todays pioneer missions into space further and allow for enhanced mobility of humans and cargo between Earth and space. The project AEROFAST supports these developments, refining aerocapture technology.
Published: 11 February 2014