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Much of the material composing the cosmos is dark matter, a strange substance we can't see or touch. So how do we know it's there? Actually, we don't, but scientists largely agree that it must be, inferring its presence from gravitational effects observed in space. An EU-funded project is analysing cosmic rays in a bid to find further clues.
Published: 22 December 2016
Pollutants are known to enter rivers, lakes and coastal waters, damaging and threatening drinking water and crucial habitats. Unfortunately, in situ water quality sampling is costly, time consuming and often unrealistic over vast areas. The EU-funded GLaSS project has developed a system to help monitor global lakes and water reservoirs remotely.
Published: 29 November 2016
The European Mars mission in 2018 will land on the site identified by Prof Cathy Quantin-Nataf, grantee of the European Research Council (ERC), and her team at Université Lyon 1 and Observatoire de Lyon. Their choice of site, named Oxia Planum, was confirmed by the European Space Agency (ESA) on 21 October as the prime landing site for the robotic mission.
Published: 30 August 2016
What is the lifespan of a sun-like star? Well, it may not be quite what we thought. The outcomes of EU-funded asteroseismology research conducted by Professor Conny Aerts and her team show that the cores of red giants don't spin nearly as fast as expected - and this, in turn, means that our understanding of the future of our sun was flawed.
Published: 13 July 2016
One spacecraft, five years or more, and over a billion stars - ESA's Gaia mission set out in 2013 to produce a three-dimensional map of the Milky Way. It will discover many new celestial objects in the process and provide astronomers with clues as to how our galaxy formed. An EU-funded training network involved 17 early stage researchers in this mission.
Published: 29 June 2016
From UN peacekeeping operations to managing crowds at the World Cup, the G-NEXT project has demonstrated how the EU's Earth observation programme can assist in emergency and crisis situations around the world.
Published: 22 June 2016
Landslides can now be identified, mapped and characterised using optical images from satellites, following an EU-funded project that has also made it possible to predict such events and to simulate their effects on transport links
Published: 6 June 2016
Satellite and in situ data can tell us a lot about the state of the seas, but scientists are not yet able to exploit these data to their full potential. An EU-funded project looked into enriching Europe's marine data products and services - such as those revealing the chemical make-up of our oceans.
Published: 13 May 2016
Solar eruptions that eject electromagnetic radiation, clouds of hot plasma, magnetic flux and charged particles into space can have devastating effects, damaging satellites, communications systems and power grids - and can pose a hazard to human health. European researchers have built an alert system to provide early warning of these threats from the Sun.
Published: 31 March 2016
Regular monitoring of lakes and rivers is essential for both good water quality and a healthy ecology. An EU-funded project has used satellite imagery to create high-resolution mapping services to help countries better manage their inland waters.
Published: 10 March 2016