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Whatever we think about it, it is clear that surveillance has increased-it is hard to ignore as the topic frequently hits the headlines. But does it matter? The EU-funded IRISS project is intent on finding out. The team is looking at whether surveillance changes our behaviour, and how it impacts our basic rights. The conclusions will be presented to policymakers, together with recommendations.
Published: 18 June 2014
Among the social and economic shifts challenging Europe is the growth of low-wage, low-skilled jobs filled by workers who face undesirable working conditions and uncertain future prospects. This trend is raising concerns that large segments of the population particularly women, youth, older workers, migrants and minorities may not reach the career and social security they otherwise could obtain.
Published: 27 February 2014
In Europe, one in seven children will leave school or training early. Many subsequently struggle to find a job and end up psychologically stressed. Meanwhile, their unemployment also impacts society and carries economical costs. The European Union (EU) has set a benchmark to decrease early school leaving (ESL) rates to one in ten children by 2020 and in February 2013, an EU-funded study was launched in nine countries to help achieve this goal.
Published: 6 February 2014
The world's economy has yet to fully recover from the global financial crisis, now a half-decade since it began. Economists are not finished debating its causes and solutions, and they likely will continue for years to come.
Published: 29 August 2013
Most Member States of the European Union (EU), and the EU itself, have ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD). However, while the Convention will mark a major advance both for disability rights and also for European business, the necessary changes to turn it from vision into reality will not happen overnight. Adopting the Convention imposes numerous legal obligations on signatories affecting many areas of daily life.
Published: 1 August 2013
Scientific research into climate change tends to look at the impact it will have in the future, and how it will affect the Earth's physical system. Very few studies have focused on how climate change will affect future societies. This gap is being addressed with a study aiming to produce the first comprehensive science-based projections of population by age, sex and level of education worldwide, up to 2100. This will form the basis for the study of climate change impacts on human well-being
Published: 15 July 2013
The UN Security Council has expressed concerns that the adverse effects of climate change could lead to certain threats to international peace and security. However, research suggests that scarcity can lead to cooperation rather than conflict. In order to improve our understanding of the factors involved, the European Union (EU)-funded CLICO project studied the world's most exposed and vulnerable areas to both floods and droughts - the Mediterranean, Middle East and Sahel (MMES) regions.
Published: 25 April 2013
In their quest to better understand the past, archaeologists also take great care to preserve the resting grounds of ancient artefacts. This is not always easy in large digs. But the Radiography of the Past (Radio-Past) project has harnessed the skills of international research teams to develop the next generation of non-destructive approaches to archaeology, including aerial surveying and remote-sensing technology. This approach has unearthed new evidence from buried settlements across Southern, Central and Western Europe which sheds light on how Roman cities and societies were constructed.
Published: 2 April 2013
The European Commission has launched their latest Youth Employment Package requesting a guarantee from all Member States that every young person receives a quality offer of employment or training within four months of leaving school, or of being unemployed. The proposal will make full use of EU funding and in particular the European Social Fund (ESF), which was set up to reduce the differences in prosperity and living standards across EU Member States and regions.
Published: 10 December 2012
The history of Europe is not only recorded in history books but also in its great works of art. People from all over the world travel to various cities across Europe to gaze in wonderment at these works of art, created by the likes of Hogarth, Brandl or El Greco. While experts try their utmost to protect them, time has not been so kind, resulting in the need for restoration. During this process, lasers are often used to passively peer behind the dust and dirt that has accumulated over the ages. Digital scans have also been used and scientists have even managed to see the eyebrows of Mona Lisa, painted by Leonardo da Vinci. Now a team of Italian researchers has developed a novel imaging tool that can capture features not otherwise detectable with the naked eye or current imaging techniques, refining the restoration process even further.
Published: 16 July 2012