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The melt rate of Europe's snowy peaks and glacial lakes can have a huge impact on both daily activities and planning in many countries. EU-funded researchers have developed applications that use satellite data to tell them just that, in close to real time.
Published: 22 April 2015
What would you do if a toxic gas cloud were released during an industrial accident in your area? How would you find out about the risks and how to respond, if necessary? EU-funded researchers have developed the foundations of a new multi-channel public warning system for natural and man-made disasters that could help save lives.
Published: 22 October 2014
In an emergency evacuation, indicating the safest exit can save lives. EU-funded researchers hope to minimise casualties with a smart sign system able to determine the safest exit and point people towards it. Trials have been encouraging, and discussions are underway on further developing some of the projects ground-breaking technologies.
Published: 15 October 2014
Forest fires are one of the greatest threats to Europe's woodlands, and their incidence is expected to increase as a result of climate change. Successfully preventing forest fires has become more important than ever. However, it remains a challenge for governments - also because forest fires tend not to respect national borders.
Published: 13 October 2014
Whatever we think about it, it is clear that surveillance has increased-it is hard to ignore as the topic frequently hits the headlines. But does it matter? The EU-funded IRISS project is intent on finding out. The team is looking at whether surveillance changes our behaviour, and how it impacts our basic rights. The conclusions will be presented to policymakers, together with recommendations.
Published: 18 June 2014
In recent years weve seen face, voice and fingerprint identification software move from Sci-Fi films into real life affordable devices, such as smartphones and tablets. The TABULA RASA consortium, which is supported by EU research and innovation investment, has set out to identify just how well this new software works, in particular against the growing phenomenon of spoofing i.e. using everyday materials such as make-up, photographs and voice recordings to subvert or directly attack biometric systems.
Published: 21 January 2014
Providing new directions in the field of security, Dr. Feng Hao's project aims to devise a secure and publicly verifiable system of e-voting - a "self enforcing e-voting system" - which does not rely on vote-tallying authorities. Awarded an ERC Starting grant in 2013, Dr. Hao is based at Newcastle University (UK).
Published: 17 September 2013
Illegal border-crossings in Europe remain an on-going issue, with the latest figures estimated to be nearly 141 000 up 35 % from previous years. However, the TALOS project has developed a system for transportable autonomous patrol for land border surveillance, which aims to tackle the problem.
Published: 24 June 2013
Published: 21 May 2013
The UN Security Council has expressed concerns that the adverse effects of climate change could lead to certain threats to international peace and security. However, research suggests that scarcity can lead to cooperation rather than conflict. In order to improve our understanding of the factors involved, the European Union (EU)-funded CLICO project studied the world's most exposed and vulnerable areas to both floods and droughts - the Mediterranean, Middle East and Sahel (MMES) regions.
Published: 25 April 2013