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Europe's smaller agri-businesses will soon be able to tell whether their products are within the EU's strict limits for pesticide residues without having to send samples to the laboratory. This is because an EU-funded project has developed a rapid, easy-to-use portable biosensor that offers testing up to 10 times cheaper than conventional means.
Published: 30 July 2015
Breast cancer is a leading cause of death for women, despite screening programmes cutting mortality rates. EU-funded researchers have developed new tools for personalised screening programmes to improve detection and prognosis - several of which are ready for use.
Published: 29 July 2015
For the first time ever, two ERC grantees, Prof. Luca G. Guidotti and Dr Matteo Iannacone, have observed in vivo how specific white blood cells, so-called cytotoxic T lymphocytes, identify, target and attack liver cells that are infected with the hepatitis B virus. To witness these immune cells in action in real time, the two scientists developed advanced, dynamic imaging techniques. An estimated 240 million people are chronically infected with hepatitis B worldwide.
Published: 28 July 2015
In Europe, some 463 000 women are diagnosed with breast cancer each year, making it the most common form of cancer in women. Depending on certain conditions, different drug combinations will be more - or less - effective. The EU-funded RESPONSIFY project has identified these conditions.
Published: 16 July 2015
Luckily, sarcomas are rare - but this also means that very few clinical trials have investigated better ways to tackle these malignant tumours. The fact that there are many types of sarcoma, which respond to treatment in very different ways, adds to the difficulty of organising such studies. An EU-funded cancer research project has taken up the challenge in a bid to develop targeted treatments.
Published: 14 July 2015
EU-funded researchers are extracting small pieces of protein from rice starch by-products for 'superfoods' and new cosmetics. These 'magic' molecules could add a healthy twist to baby food, sports protein supplements and products for sufferers of coeliac disease. An engineered human skin eliminating any need for animal testing could also be on the market within two years.
Published: 26 June 2015
Farming consumes around 70% of the world's fresh water. Limiting irrigation to the actual water crops need - and no more - makes farming more sustainable and improves yields. An EU-funded project is developing a user-friendly precision irrigation decision support system for more accessible technology that saves water. A first interface will be available next year.
Published: 24 June 2015
Freshwater habitats covering more than 80% of the Earth's land surface have been catalogued in an EU-funded research project, yet even in Europe our knowledge of freshwater biodiversity is far from complete.
Published: 4 June 2015
Do you live near a volcano? How exposed are you if it erupts? And what can be done to mitigate the risk? EU-funded researchers have helped communities in four countries to assess their vulnerability and plan ahead. They have also produced a handbook to inform similar initiatives elsewhere and set up monitoring systems to help detect signs of an impending eruption.
Published: 3 June 2015
Rising temperatures in mountain regions could have a significant impact on ecosystems, societies and economies around the world over the coming decades, according to EU-funded researchers who led a landmark study into the effects of climate change on mountain water resources.
Published: 29 May 2015