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The immune system is the body's defence against infections and other invaders. While the system works unaided and unnoticed for most of us, others cannot take it for granted, due either to disease or treatments such as chemotherapy. EU-funded researchers have investigated combining nanotechnology and biotechnology to 're-educate' failing immune systems and get them back in working order. Initial results are promising, and clinical trials are 5-10 years away.
Published: 23 February 2015
An internal clock determines many of our bodily functions. The same is true for tumour cells, EU-funded research suggests. This discovery could point the way to a more efficient, personalised approach to cancer treatment.
Published: 20 February 2015
EU-funded researchers have developed a concept for a novel satellite-based navigation network to improve traffic flows and safety along Europe's congested maritime and inland waterways. Through the exchange of vessel data, the network could help reduce accidents and enable European ports to increase efficiency.
Published: 18 February 2015
For years, the European Space Agency (ESA) has been studying the Earth's magnetosphere - a 'bubble' in which the Earth's magnetic field is present. Huge amounts of supporting data have been gathered. EU-funded researchers have made this data available in an easy-to-use, open-access format, giving scientists the information they need to improve space weather forecasting - important for protecting European satellite and ground-based infrastructure.
Published: 9 February 2015
An EU-funded project has extracted enzymes found among Iceland's volcanoes that could lead to more efficient and greener industrial processes-from making food to biofuels. A number of these enzymes have already been patented, ushering in a new generation of natural catalysts for chemical processes and helping industry become more competitive.
Published: 6 February 2015
The challenges affecting a regional sea cannot be tackled effectively by individual countries acting alone. Nor can they be addressed without a thorough understanding of the relevant facts and processes. The states bordering the Baltic Sea are cooperating in a joint research programme to provide policy-makers with the information they need to achieve greater sustainability.
Published: 30 January 2015
Published: 21 January 2015
Biofouling - or biological fouling - is the build-up of plants, algae and other marine organisms on wet surfaces, which can corrode and damage objects such as ships, pipes, and bridge supports. The issue has long defied engineers and scientists. The EU funded research project SEACOAT has developed a novel green technology that applies special coatings on vulnerable surfaces to control biofouling.
Published: 14 January 2015
When it comes to renewable energies, wind and solar power have already become staples of our electricity mix. Wave and tidal energy could be next in line. EU-funded researchers are already making waves, aiming to help industry cut costs and increase reliability with innovative decision-making software.
Published: 6 January 2015
The battle against corruption has been a challenge ever since the first bribe was exchanged for private gain. There have been some successes and many failures. In response, EU-funded researchers are taking a fresh look at one of the murkiest sides of human behaviour. Their studies have already yielded results - steps towards practical solutions to an age-old problem.
Published: 5 January 2015