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As European countries grow their renewable energy capacity, grid operators need to find ways to balance supply and demand due to the variability of sun and wind. The recent trial of a smart distribution system on the Danish island of Bornholm, where more than 50 %of electricity comes from wind farms, has demonstrated an efficient and effective solution.
Published: 28 July 2016
Haematopoietic Stem Cells (HSCs) are blood cells located in the bone marrow. These cells are extensively used in research to develop treatments for many severe diseases, including HIV and multiple sclerosis, and their transplant is a key therapy for certain types of cancer like leukemia and multiple myeloma. However, the use of HSCs is seriously constrained by their limited availability since growing them in the lab does not produce very large quantities. There is therefore an urgent need for methods allowing scientists to multiply HSCs, without losing any of their properties.
Published: 20 July 2016
One spacecraft, five years or more, and over a billion stars - ESA's Gaia mission set out in 2013 to produce a three-dimensional map of the Milky Way. It will discover many new celestial objects in the process and provide astronomers with clues as to how our galaxy formed. An EU-funded training network involved 17 early stage researchers in this mission.
Published: 29 June 2016
An international team has developed a system that can exploit the widespread use of mobile electronic devices and social media to improve the official response to emergencies and other crises. An initial prototype has already proved very effective.
Published: 28 June 2016
The EU-funded project INSPIRATION aims to develop a European research roadmap on sustainable land management practices. The agenda would help focus Europe's research, supporting policymaking on environmentally friendly, socially acceptable and economically affordable soil and land use management.
Published: 16 June 2016
Guidelines for making concrete from recycled ingredients could help the construction industry reduce its environmental impact. An EU-funded project developed the guidelines based on tests of recycled concrete, recycled steel from old tires and natural fibres from sisal.
Published: 9 June 2016
Developing new anti-cancer treatments is expensive, and national, public funding organisations across Europe dedicate substantial resources to this task. Linking their research programmes helps to ensure these funds are used to best effect. Transcan is now continuing as the Transcan-2 network, fostering long-term transnational synergy.
Published: 8 June 2016
What could be the next new super crop? How about microalgae? An EU-funded project is developing technology to grow and use these single-celled plants. Already used in health-food supplements, the crop has potential to green existing industries and develop new ones.
Published: 19 May 2016
The EU-funded BrightWall project has created a translucent concrete wall that allows in natural lighting without the associated loss of heat. This could help Europe cut its electricity usage to save money, conserve the environment and strengthen the economy.
Published: 10 May 2016
From freak winter storms to summer floods and multi-year droughts, climate change is having an intensifying impact across Europe. Effective adaptation will be essential for countries, societies and industries as they seek to minimise the negative effects and perhaps even harness the potential benefits of a changing climate, according to EU-funded researchers.
Published: 4 May 2016