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For the first time ever, two ERC grantees, Prof. Luca G. Guidotti and Dr Matteo Iannacone, have observed in vivo how specific white blood cells, so-called cytotoxic T lymphocytes, identify, target and attack liver cells that are infected with the hepatitis B virus. To witness these immune cells in action in real time, the two scientists developed advanced, dynamic imaging techniques. An estimated 240 million people are chronically infected with hepatitis B worldwide.
Published: 28 July 2015
EU-funded researchers are developing advanced technology for the manufacturing industry, aiming for zero-defect production of everything from aircraft parts to machine tools. Their work will increase efficiency, reduce waste, boost competitiveness and lower costs for European manufacturers, particularly small and medium companies.
Published: 24 July 2015
Income from e-sales in the EU in 2013 accounted for 15% of total turnover, and if estimates are correct, e-commerce will grow. However, this growth brings with it an increase in freight transport, especially in urban areas, which in turn contributes to air and noise pollution as well as traffic congestion.
Published: 20 July 2015
Looking at Europe's flamboyant cathedrals, it is easy to forget that even stone does not last forever. Without effective conservation, gargoyles erode, stained glass shatters, and choir stalls eventually rot. EU-funded researchers have produced innovative compounds to protect our cultural heritage.
Published: 15 July 2015
Luckily, sarcomas are rare - but this also means that very few clinical trials have investigated better ways to tackle these malignant tumours. The fact that there are many types of sarcoma, which respond to treatment in very different ways, adds to the difficulty of organising such studies. An EU-funded cancer research project has taken up the challenge in a bid to develop targeted treatments.
Published: 14 July 2015
If you are at risk of developing diabetes, it will come as no surprise if your doctor suggests you keep an eye on your weight and step up your physical activity. A number of lifestyle aspects are known to play a role. Other insights are only just emerging: new EU-funded research highlights the importance of living in sync with your body clock.
Published: 10 July 2015
How might climate change affect communities and how can they cope with the impacts? To prepare the way for an EU-wide climate service that can best answer those questions, an EU-funded project has developed local climate services, identifying the data local stakeholders need - and the best ways to communicate it.
Published: 7 July 2015
Great bread doesn't happen by chance. Even with the best ingredients, it takes practice and patience - notably because the dough needs time and specific conditions to rise to yeasty perfection. EU-funded researchers are putting the final touches to a new system that will make the proofing chambers used in bakeries even better.
Published: 6 July 2015
EU-funded researchers have used novel carbon materials to make lightweight, energy-efficient supercapacitors, the energy storage devices that supply power to electric vehicles during acceleration. Their work promises to extend the distance electric vehicles can travel before a recharge. This improved performance could boost their appeal on the market, help make EU manufacturers more competitive, and contribute to the EU's goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Published: 3 July 2015
Whether an innovative concept sinks or swims depends on customer acceptance, among other things. Moving into uncharted waters can be unnerving. An EU-funded project dedicated to innovation in shipbuilding has devised new business models in a bid to build client confidence. It has also developed new products and techniques.
Published: 2 July 2015