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Published: 22 May 2015
Most wind energy comes from turbines 150 metres above ground level. Winds at this altitude are however weak and intermittent, with most wind farms operating at only 25 - 30% of their capacity. EU-funded researchers have developed a prototype wind energy system that works at much higher altitudes, where winds are stronger and more constant, increasing electricity production dramatically. A commercialised product is in the pipeline.
Published: 17 April 2015
Pollen season is a difficult time for many. In Europe, Ambrosia artemisiifolia L., a.k.a. common ragweed, could soon be adding to the plight of allergy sufferers, and many more people could develop symptoms. Climate change will enable this highly allergenic alien species to advance across the continent, say EU-funded researchers, who are calling for urgent action to keep the invader at bay.
Published: 11 March 2015
An EU-funded project has extracted enzymes found among Iceland's volcanoes that could lead to more efficient and greener industrial processes-from making food to biofuels. A number of these enzymes have already been patented, ushering in a new generation of natural catalysts for chemical processes and helping industry become more competitive.
Published: 6 February 2015
Sugar-based biomolecules such as glycoproteins contribute to many cellular processes and interactions on which our health depends. They are also involved in a variety of diseases and could offer leads for new medical breakthroughs - if they could be analysed quickly and accurately on a large scale. EU-funded researchers have found a way.
Published: 2 February 2015
Despite the recent rise of radical, extreme or populist movements in Europe, young Europeans still accept democracy and reject violence, an EU-backed project has found. However, many feel that the political establishment does not represent them, leading them to consider alternative politics. Politicians must start listening more to young people to engage them fully in the democratic process, the researchers advise.
Published: 19 January 2015
The battle against corruption has been a challenge ever since the first bribe was exchanged for private gain. There have been some successes and many failures. In response, EU-funded researchers are taking a fresh look at one of the murkiest sides of human behaviour. Their studies have already yielded results - steps towards practical solutions to an age-old problem.
Published: 5 January 2015
The role of the media in guaranteeing that citizens have the information and tools they need to fully engage with democratic processes has been put into the spotlight in recent years. While the freedom of journalists and media organisations to report the truth has largely been taken for granted in democratic societies, new challenges and difficulties are raising new questions about how these freedoms can remain resilient.
Published: 22 December 2014
Understanding the cell changes associated with cancer will provide vital clues for both detecting and treating the disease. The EU-funded GlycoBioM project is contributing with tools to pinpoint disease indicators. And three years into the project, the team has already come up with a method to reduce false-positive cancer diagnoses.
Published: 7 August 2014
Increasing pressures on Europe's marine and coastal areas, particularly around the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, highlight the need for these areas to become more resilient to human activities and natural change. There is a large scientific research effort already underway to identify some of the environmental baselines, but the challenge now lies in turning that knowledge into effective decision-making.
Published: 24 July 2014