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Forest fires are not necessarily becoming more frequent, but they could become increasingly severe, say EU-funded scientists. Forest management strategies must evolve in line with the changes that are compounding the risk of blazes across large areas.
Published: 27 April 2015
Research and development remains vibrant in the Spanish solar market industry, an example of which is the European Union (EU)-funded LIMA project. The project shows that Spain continues to benefit from the strong infrastructure developed in the country over the last 20 years.
Published: 13 November 2014
Published: 10 November 2014
Although home to 18% of the global population-around 1.15 billion people-India only has around 4% of the world's fresh water resources. With climate change and urbanisation increasing the pressure on a scarce resource, an EU-funded project's improvement of natural water treatment systems couldn't come at a better time.
Published: 29 September 2014
Parasites such as nematodes and mastitis can cause serious health and welfare problems to both sheep and goat production. As resistance to current drug treatments increases, there is a strong need to develop new methods to rectify the situation.
Published: 25 September 2014
Cancer research has taken a huge leap forward with scientists now able to identify more than 80 genetic markers found to increase the risk of breast, ovarian and prostate cancer. The COGS international research initiative is believed to be the largest of its kind.
Published: 27 August 2013
Treating schizophrenia presents huge challenges and those involved see first-hand how this diverse medical condition causes huge suffering and requires complex and costly care, often over a lifetime. In the Netherlands, Prof. Jim van Os is heading up an exciting and ambitious international research project that brings together professionals, patients and their families who depend on each other to unlock new answers and approaches to treatment. There is so much that we don't yet understand about it and current treatments are inadequate, so there is a real motivation to work together and solve more bits of a complicated puzzle.
Published: 18 July 2013
Diamonds have long been recognised as a girls best friend. But now a European Union (EU)-funded research project has demonstrated that the unique properties of diamonds extend far beyond that legendary sparkle. They also offer a radical new way to detect the onset of cancer far earlier than has previously been possible opening up the possibility of more effective treatment and potentially saving the lives of countless cancer patients.
Published: 31 January 2013
Researchers funded in part by the EU have discovered that five genes play a key role in determining human facial shapes. Presented in the journal PLoS Genetics, the genome-wide association study on facial phenotype can help scientists identify more genes for other complex human phenotypes, including height. The research can help advance our understanding of the complex molecular interactions governing normal and pathological differences in facial shape (when combined with sophisticated three-dimensional imaging techniques).
Published: 10 October 2012
Almost all coral reefs are expected to be subject to severe degradation, that is unless action is undertaken to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and an assumption that corals can adapt at extremely rapid rates. And even if all the assumptions are correct, only two thirds of the coral reefs will be safe according to a study recently published in the journal Nature Climate Change. Given the important role that coral reefs play in the marine ecosystem, these findings are alarming. It is estimated that coral reefs house almost a quarter of the species in the oceans and provide critical services such as coastal protection, tourism and fishing to millions of people worldwide. All these services could be at risk as global warming and ocean acidification, both driven by human-caused carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, pose a major threat to these ecosystems.
Published: 4 October 2012