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How can we guarantee the integrity of existing buildings while continuing to develop urban spaces? Professor Debra Laefer's ERC-funded project tackles fundamental problems at the interface between new engineering undertakings and building conservation. The research team will draw on a largely unmined data source to create a system to predict the degree of damage likely to be sustained by buildings as a result of tunnelling.
Published: 31 July 2015
Europe's smaller agri-businesses will soon be able to tell whether their products are within the EU's strict limits for pesticide residues without having to send samples to the laboratory. This is because an EU-funded project has developed a rapid, easy-to-use portable biosensor that offers testing up to 10 times cheaper than conventional means.
Published: 30 July 2015
Breast cancer is a leading cause of death for women, despite screening programmes cutting mortality rates. EU-funded researchers have developed new tools for personalised screening programmes to improve detection and prognosis - several of which are ready for use.
Published: 29 July 2015
For the first time ever, two ERC grantees, Prof. Luca G. Guidotti and Dr Matteo Iannacone, have observed in vivo how specific white blood cells, so-called cytotoxic T lymphocytes, identify, target and attack liver cells that are infected with the hepatitis B virus. To witness these immune cells in action in real time, the two scientists developed advanced, dynamic imaging techniques. An estimated 240 million people are chronically infected with hepatitis B worldwide.
Published: 28 July 2015
With the help of EU research funding, three small businesses have been able to take a concept for more efficient, cheaper types of paints for hazardous, explosive work areas, develop innovative products, and successfully bring them to market. The new paints also eliminate the need for the metal particles and solvents normally used in such products - removing a potential health hazard.
Published: 27 July 2015
EU-funded researchers are developing advanced technology for the manufacturing industry, aiming for zero-defect production of everything from aircraft parts to machine tools. Their work will increase efficiency, reduce waste, boost competitiveness and lower costs for European manufacturers, particularly small and medium companies.
Published: 24 July 2015
When Prof. Heino Falcke obtained an ERC grant to study and identify the sources of ultra-high energy cosmic rays, back in 2008, he could not imagine that his research would provide an important clue to better understand lightning and thunderclouds much closer to us.
Published: 23 July 2015
Disability is often associated with access legislation rather than a source of creativity for architects. With her ERC grant, Prof. Ann Heylighen wanted to reverse this perspective. Her findings suggest that disability can be a valuable source of innovative solutions in architecture by extending prevailing ways of understanding space and designing buildings.
Published: 22 July 2015
Income from e-sales in the EU in 2013 accounted for 15% of total turnover, and if estimates are correct, e-commerce will grow. However, this growth brings with it an increase in freight transport, especially in urban areas, which in turn contributes to air and noise pollution as well as traffic congestion.
Published: 20 July 2015
Experts predict that, in the coming years, a higher frequency and intensity of heat waves could lead to an increase of fatalities in the elderly population. To help prevent this, a Marie Curie research fellow, Dr. Andreas D. Flouris, studied and explained the sequence of events leading to heat stroke. His research work was as part of the EU-funded project THERMOMICS.
Published: 17 July 2015