MEDiterranean studies of Cardiovascular disease and Hyperglycaemia: Analytical Modelling of Population Socio-economic transitions

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Contract/Grant agreement number
: 223075
EC contribution
: € 2,703,358.00
: 42 months
Starting date
: 01/03/2009
: Eastern Mediterranean, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, epidemiological transition, Middle East, economic evaluation.
Project web-site

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), particularly cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and diabetes are increasing dramatically in many low and middle income countries. The main reasons for this are an increase in major risk factors, particularly increasing obesity [as a consequence of changes in nutrition and decreases in physical activity], and high levels of tobacco use. In the Mediterranean partners involved in this project (Palestine, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey), obesity levels are particularly high among women, and tobacco use common in men.

Globalisation, urbanisation and an ageing population are contributing to this trend. A common misperception is that NCDs are diseases of affluence, but in fact they are common amongst poorer sectors of populations, and age-specific disease rates can be higher in developing countries than in industrialised settings. Health services in these countries, developed to tackle acute infectious diseases, are often not ideally organised to promote effective care and prevention for NCDs.

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