Mobility of Health Professionals (MoHProf) was a global research project on international migration of health workers, physicians and nurses in particular. Scientific institutes conduct-ed investigations and have been working together with worldwide active international organi-sations which have global links to research and policy development on international mobility of health workers.
Studies on macro and micro level took place in 25 countries on all conti-nents comprising sending, transit and destination countries within and outside the EU. The essential methodological feature of MoHProf was a mainly qualitative approach which ana-lysed quantities and qualities of migration flows with comparable methodological approaches in order to determine general features of worldwide mobility of health workers and its impact on national health systems as well as distinctive particularities.
Worldwide mobility of trained health professionals is a growing phenomenon, seriously im-pacting on national health care systems in terms of losses and gains of „human resources”. EU Member States are increasingly affected by these developments. There is an urgent need to develop strategies and policies at European level to adequately address these is-sues and to deal with the causes and effects of migration on national health care systems in the long run. But at the same time, reliable and differentiated knowledge as a basis for the development of such approaches are hardly available or only very incomplete since a coher-ent monitoring-system of international mobility of health professionals is widely lacking.
The general objective of MoHProf was to analyse current trends of mobility of health profes-sionals within the EU, from third countries to the EU and vice versa to determine quantitative and qualitative impacts of several types of mobility on the respective national health care systems.
The policy dimension of the project comprised the development of recommenda-tions on human resource policies in Europe and relevant third countries for policy and deci-sion makers on the basis of sound empirical research and data, which were lacking thus far.
The main results of MoHProf regarding the EU-dimension and the general frameworks of migration of health workers can be summarised as follows:
Further detailed conclusions from and challenges of worldwide mobility were formulated.
The main recommendations for EU-Member States and third countries developed within the project are: