The third area is entitled: 'Enhanced health promotion and disease
prevention', aiming to develop scientific evidence for effective public
health interventions and measures in terms of life styles, work and living
circumstances and interventions at different levels and in different contexts.
The focus is intended to be on the wider determinants of health on both the
individual and community levels. Such wider determinants of health include
diet, physical activity, stress, tobacco, alcohol or other substance use,
cultural context and socioeconomic, environmental and behavioural factors
and how, on the basis of new knowledge, they interact at both these different
levels. In particular, mental health is addressed in a life-course perspective.
The objective is to advance the state-of-the-art in the field of health promotion and primary prevention research and to enhance cooperation between researchers in Europe and other geographic regions to promote integration and excellence of European research in the area. This research should provide the evidence base to empower both the individual to change and sustain healthy behaviour as well as the policy and decision makers at European, national and local levels to develop and implement effective public health interventions and incorporate health goals in the definition and implementation of all policies. This area has 20 projects, including EU policy support projects, accounting for some EUR 47 million in the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) funding support.