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SATZ
HIV/AIDS (INCO)
Framework programme: 5
Project number:
ICA4-CT-2002-10038
EC contribution: € 1 310 000
Duration: 42 months
Type: RS
Starting date: Autumn 2002
Graphic element Promoting Sexual and Reproductive Health. School-Based HIV/AIDS Prevention in Sub-Saharan Africa

Summary:

In sub-Saharan Africa, action against the spread of HIV/AIDS, particularly targeting sexual and reproductive behaviours of young people, is urgently needed. Effective and culturally relevant approaches based on high-quality research must be developed, and using local African expertise is crucial. This research project aims at developing and evaluating (quantitatively as well as qualitatively) a theory and databased sexual and reproductive health intervention administered through schools targeting adolescents aged 12-14. Intervention studies (with intervention schools and control schools) will take place at three sites. Experienced researchers from three African and four European universities/research institutes have joined forces and formed a cross-disciplinary team responsible for the present project.

Objectives:

The overall aim is to develop knowledge on how to reduce the spread of sexually transmitted HIV by changing risk behaviours among adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa. The specific objectives are:

1) to develop a framework for cost-effective and culturally sensitive school-based sexual and reproductive behaviour interventions, based on reviews of previous studies, a state of the art theoretical framework and situation analyses at three sites
2) to conduct and evaluate interventions at the selected sites in order to examine and improve the intervention framework
3) to test and improve existing theoretical models for predicting sexual and reproductive behaviours in ‘new’ cultural contexts
4) to contribute to the development of expertise and scientific excellence on health behaviour change intervention and research among all partners.

Description:

Three African universities (Cape Town, the North and Dar es Salaam) have collaborated with four European research institutions (Bergen, Maastricht, Oslo and Stockholm) to design and evaluate data- and theory-based sexual and reproductive behaviour interventions targeting adolescents. The intervention, which is community-based, will be administered through schools at three selected sites with pre-tests and post-tests, as well as intervention groups and control groups at each site, utilising qualitative as well as quantitative data. The European partners will collaborate in developing situation analyses in the intervention sites (Stockholm), the intervention framework (Maastricht), and the evaluation protocol (Oslo). Bergen is responsible for the overall coordination of the project and of the research-training component, as well as coordination of data management and data analysis, scientific dissemination and reporting. The African partners are strongly involved in the development of the interventions, the research instruments, and the analysis of data and reporting of results. The interventions will be designed according to an approach that has previously proven effective; a community and social influence model. The theoretical framework is partly based on social cognition perspectives. One of the main challenges is to develop interventions and research instruments, which are culturally and gender sensitive and which suit national and local circumstances.

Milestones:

The milestones in this project are:

Month 12: Situation analysis.
Month 15: Intervention framework; evaluation protocol
Month 19: Baseline data collection
Month 22: Main intervention completed, boosters start
Month 25: Post test 1 data collection
Month 29: Post test 2 data collection
Month 42: Final report.

Coordinator:

Leif Edvard Aarø
University of Bergen
Research Centre for Health Promotion
Christiesgt. 13
5015 Bergen
Norway
Tel: +47 55 582606
Fax: +47 55 589887
E-mail: leif.aaro@psych.uib.no

Partners:

Principal
Scientific
Participants
Official Address Other Information
2Minou FuglesangKarolinska Institutet
Department of Public Health Sciences
Division of International Health
Norrbacka
SE-171 76 Stockholm
Sweden
Tel: +46 8 51776492
E-mail: minou.fuglesang@phs.ki.se
3Herman SchaalmaMaastricht University
Department of Health Education and Health
Promotion/Research Institute HEALTH
616 P. Debyeplein 1
NL-6200 MD Maastricht
The Netherlands
Tel: +31 43 3882408
Fax: +31 43 3671032
E-mail: H.Schaalma@gvo.unimaas.nl
4Inge Klepp KnutUniversity of Oslo
Department of Nutrition
P.O. Box 1046
N-0316 Blindern
Norway
Tel: +47 22 851378
Fax: +47 22 851531
E-mail: k.i.klepp@basalmed.uio.no
5Sylvia KaayaP.O. Box 65 293
Dar es Salaam
Tanzania

 
 
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