Networking the networks for monitoring risk factors of (re-)emergence and spreading of leishmaniasis
Leishmaniases are serious communicable diseases around the whole world, including Southern Europe. These diseases are spreading and control is challenged by three escalating risk factors: human-made and environmental changes, immune status (essentially because of Leishmania/HIV co-infection) and, treatment failure and drug resistance.
Synergy between these risk factors might create the 'critical mass' of an explosive epidemiological status for leishmaniases. Interaction between these factors is poorly studied and understood; in addition, modern tools for surveillance and control are required. Currently, 9 EU-funded consortia (FP5 and FP6) are active in leishmaniasis research. These consortia are complimentary to each other because of their research topics (environmental surveillance, diagnostics, molecular epidemiology, drug resistance, control intervention) and geographical coverage (Euro-Mediterranean region, Latin America, Africa, Asia).
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