Research and innovation are needed to address major societal challenges. Such challenges cannot be tackled effectively by national research programmes that are often operating in an isolated way. Joint programming aims at bringing a partnership approach and a common vision among the EU Member States. The aim is to pool national efforts and make better use of resources.
In the health area, two Joint programming initiatives have been established and are supported by the European Commission.
Joint Programming Initiative on Neurodegenerative Diseases Research (JPND)
The JPND is a Member States-led initiative launched in 2010 whose main purpose is to address the challenge of neurodegenerative diseases through a common research strategy and the alignment of national programmes. The JPND gathers 28 countries (including non-EU countries such as Canada).
The JPND has already shown clear added value and will continue to make further progress in three main areas:
- mapping and analysing neurodegenerative diseases research activities and resources
- setting a common JPND Strategic Research Agenda
- developing national neurodegenerative diseases research agendas and aligning national plans and strategies
Seven joint transnational calls were launched by the JPND between 2011 and 2015. Thirty projects are ongoing (2011-2013 calls) and ten projects have been proposed for support (2014 call). €100 million were committed by JPND members with €10 million co-funding from the EU.
Additional support is envisaged via Horizon 2020. This will allow extending the JPND capacities towards new members, including members from outside Europe, and explore scenarios for its long-term sustainability.
Joint Programme Initiative on Antimicrobial Resistance (JPIAMR)
Antimicrobial resistance is a global problem that concerns us all. National research efforts to combat antimicrobial resistance are dispersed. There is a clear need for collaboration which is now provided by JPIAMR. The aim of the JPIAMR is to work across national borders, to integrate relevant scientific fields, to implement joint activities and to create a common European research agenda setting out the research priorities. Seventeen European countries, Canada and Israel are involved in this initiative, leading to an alignment of their research efforts and the funding of transnational research projects.