Into the Second Decade of European Industrial Research
The Competitive and Sustainable Growth programme is the
latest phase of a European industrial research effort that dates
back to the mid-1950s.
builds on four previous European research programmes.
and Materials Technologies (Brite-EuRam III): This major, ECU
1.6 billion programme, itself an amalgam of European programmes dating
back to the 1980s, funded well over 500 research projects and almost
100 thematic networks in the fields of production technologies, materials
and transport technologies.
Measurements and Testing (SMT): Complementary in many ways to
Brite-EuRam III, SMT focused on improving the state of the art in
measurement and testing. The budget of ECU 184 million was devoted
to projects improving measurement techniques for industry (around
40%), trade (35%) and society (25%).
while Brite-EuRam focused on the technologies of transport (cars,
trains and aircraft), the ECU 263 million Transport research programme
focused on sustainable mobility - developing, integrating and managing
a more efficient, safer and environmentally friendly transport system.
Just over 300 projects were funded.
Coal and Steel Research: Established in 1955, this programme has
helped Europe's coal and steel companies, universities and research
institutes to pool their resources and improve their competitiveness.
ECSC (European Coal and Steel Community) research is slowly being
phased into the EU's Framework Programmes before the expiry of the
ECSC treaty in 2002.