As Director of the EC Transport and Energy Directorate
B's key action on Sustainable Mobility and Intermodality, Gonzalez Finat
must be aware of the civic and societal concerns of both men and women
" Transport is a sector which aims to serve all
citizens - men and women alike," says Gonzalez Finat, "In developing
transport technologies and policies it is therefore very important that
we assess all possible gender implications."
"When we look at patterns of mobility we
can see a great difference based on gender, reflecting the different distribution
of responsibilities among men and women.
Women with dependent children tend to choose complex short distance journeys,
which are also multistage and multipurpose. Men, on the other hand, show
a higher incidence of more linear, single-purpose journeys. The same applies
if we consider the different roles of men and women play within the transport
sector. Today, less than 30% of car owners in the EU are women. This figure
is constantly increasing and will be one of the key driving factors of
our future motorisation growth. At the same time, women represent about
60% of public transport users, but their involvement as transport planners
and decision-makers is still very limited.
||Mobility is gender
and research have traditionally been male-dominated sectors, given
their strong reliance on technology and engineering. However, policy
makers have a growing interest in looking at the broader socio-economic
impact of transport. Investments and regional employment, the effects
of emissions on health, institutional and political barriers to
implementation, are all examples of concerns that should be included
in technological research. This broadens the competencies needed
for good planning and research to areas where women have traditionally
been better represented and it has already led to an increased participation
of women researchers in projects.
"Because of the recognised different mobility
patterns, women's and men's perceptions of problems and issues differ,
as do their proposed solutions. It is therefore important to have
a balanced representation of both women and men throughout the whole
research and policy process, from the formulation of research questions
to the translation of research results into policy actions. Only
in this way will a gender unbiased policy agenda emerge."
ALFONSO GONZALEZ FINAT
Transport and Energy DG - Directorate B
Rue De Mot,