Commission has supported nanotechnology research throughout Europe under
the umbrella of its Framework RTD Programmes. Consortia of researchers
in the field have been active within Esprit
(information technologies), Biotech
(materials) and other programmes. In addition, the COST
programme (European co-operation in the field of scientific and technical
research) has launched co-ordination actions.
is distributed across the current Fifth Framework Programme (1998-2002).
In terms of research funding, the most important programmes are: Improving
the Quality of Life
Society Technologies (IST); and Competitive
and Sustainable Growth (GROWTH). Two typical examples of projects
in nanotechnology from each of these programmes are described in the accompanying
text. They indicate the breadth and scope of nanotechnology RTD in the
EU today. In addition, the programme Improving
Human Potential (IHP) supports education in nanotechnology through
a system of Research Training Networks, and several COST actions are ongoing.